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SIR GERALD GRAHAM (1831–1899)

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Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 318 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIR GERALD GRAHAM (1831–1899)  ,
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British general, was born on the 27th of Tune 1831 at Acton, Middlesex . He was educated at
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Dresden and
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Woolwich Academy, and entered the Royal Engineers in 1850 . He served with distinction through the
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Russian War of 18J4 to 1856, was
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present at the battles of the
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Alma and Inkerman, was twice wounded in the trenches before Sevastopol, and was awarded the Victoria
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Cross for gallantry at the attack on the
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Redan and for devoted heroism on numerous occasions . He also received the Legion of Honour, and was promoted to a brevet majority . In the
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China War of 186o he took
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part in the actions of Sin-ho and Tang-ku, the storming of the Taku Forts, where he was severely wounded, and the entry into Peking (brevet
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lieutenant-colonelcy and C.B.) . Promoted colonel in 1869, he was employed in routine duties until 1877, when he was appointed assistant-director of
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works for barracks at the war office, a position he held until his promotion to major-general in 1881 . In command of the advanced force in
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Egypt in 1882, he
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bore the brunt of the fighting, was present at the
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action of Magfar, commanded at the first
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battle of
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Kassassin, took part in the second, and led his brigade at Tell-cl-Kebir . For his services in the
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campaign he received the K.C.B. and thanks of parliament . In 1884 he commanded the expedition to the eastern Sudan, and fought the successful battles of El Teb and Tamai . On his return home he received the thanks of parliament and was made a lieutenant-general for distinguished service in the field . In 1885 he commanded the Suakin expedition, defeated the
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Arabs at Hashin and Tamai, and advanced the railway from Suakin to Otao, when the expedition was withdrawn (thanks of parliament and G.C.M.G.) . In 1896 he was made G.C.B., and in 1899 colonel-commandant Royal Engineers .

He died on the 17th of

December 1899 . He published in 1875 a
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translation of Goetze's Operations of the German Engineers in 1870-1871, and in 1887 Last Words with Gordon .

End of Article: SIR GERALD GRAHAM (1831–1899)
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