Online Encyclopedia

SYLVESTER GRAHAM (1794-1851)

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Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 318 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SYLVESTER GRAHAM (1794-1851)  ,
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American dietarian, was born in Suffield,
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Connecticut, in 1794 . He studied at Amherst College, and was ordained to the Presbyterian
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ministry in 1826, but he seems to have preached but little . He became an ardent advocate of
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temperance reform and of
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vegetarianism, having persuaded himself that a flesh
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diet was the cause of abnormal cravings . His last years were spent in retirement and he died at Northampton, Massachusetts, on the 11th of September 1851 . His name is now remembered because of his advocacy of unbolted (Graham)
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flour, and as the originator of " Graham
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bread." But his reform was much broader than this . He urged, primarily, physiological
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education, and in his Science of Human
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Life (1836; republished, with
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biographical memoir, 1858) furnished an exhaustive text-
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book on the subject . He had carefully planned a
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complete regimen including many details besides a strict diet . A Temperance (or Graham) Boarding House was opened in New York City about 1832 by Mrs Asenath Nicholson, who published Nature's Own Book (2nd ed., 1835) giving Graham's rules for boarders; and in Boston a Graham House was opened in 1837 at 23 Brattle Street . There were many Grahamites at
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Brook
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Farm, and the American Physiological Society published in Boston in 1837 and 1838 a weekly called The Graham Journal of
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Health and
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Longevity, designed to illustrate by facts and sustain by reason and principles the science of human life as taught by Sylvester Graham, edited by David Campbell . Graham wrote Essay on Cholera (1832); The Esculapian Tablets of the Nineteenth Century (1834) ; Lectures to Young Men on Chastity (2nd ed., 1837); and Bread and Bread Making; and projected a
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work designed to show that his
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system was not
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counter to the
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Holy Scriptures .

End of Article: SYLVESTER GRAHAM (1794-1851)
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