See also:born at
See also:Bar, in the
See also:present department of the Alpes Maritimes . In 1734 he took service on the galleys of the
See also:order of Malta, and in 1740 entered the service of France, beingpromoted to chief of
See also:squadron in 1779 . He took
See also:part in the
See also:naval operations of the
See also:American War of Independence, and distinguished himself in the battles of
See also:Dominica and
See also:Lucia (1780), and of
See also:Tobago (1780 . He was less fortunate at St Kitts, where he was defeated by
See also:Hood . Shortly afterwards, in
See also:April 1782, he was defeated and taken prisoner by Admiral Rodney . Some months later he re-turned to France, published a Memoire justificatif, and was acquitted by a
See also:martial (1784) . He died at
See also:Paris in
See also:January 1 788 . His son Alexandre de Grasse, published a
See also:Notice bibliographique sur l'amiral comte de Grasse d'apres
See also:les documents inedits in 1840 . See G . Lacour-Gayet, La Marine militaire de la France sous le regne de
See also:Louis X V (Paris, 1902) .
The article fails to mention the fact that De Grasse fought a tactically undecisive battle against the Royal Navy off Cape Henry and subsequently successfully denied entry to the British into Chesapeake Bay. He thereby prevented them from relieving their army under Lord Cornwallis which was besieged by the French and Americans at Yorktown and thus forced the surrender of that army in October 1781. Subsequently, this proved to have been the decisive moment of the American Revolutionary War. De Grasse's tactically undecisive battle may therefore be seen as the strategically conclusive event of the American Revolution and thus a major event that changed the course of history.
1) The name of the city is "Le Bar sur Loup" and not just "Bar". I should know I lived there. 2)Also, The Admiral de Grasse was "Marquis de Tilly" and not "Marquis de Grassetilly".
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