See also:steel receptacle for a domestic
See also:fire . When
See also:coal replaced logs and irons were found to be unsuitable for burning the comparatively small lumps, and for this reason and on account of the more concentrated
See also:heat of coal it became necessary to confine the
See also:area of the fire . Thus a
See also:basket or cage came into use, which, as knowledge of the scientific principles of
See also:heating increased, was succeeded by the small
See also:grate of iron and fire-
See also:brick set close into the
See also:wall which has since been in ordinary use in England . In the early
See also:part of the 19th century polished steel grates were extensively used, but the labour and difficulty of keeping them bright were considerable, and they were gradually replaced by grates with a polished black
See also:surface which could be quickly renewed by an application of black-lead . The most frequent
See also:form of the 18th-century grate was rather high from the
See also:hearth, with a small hob on each side . The
See also:Adam designed many exceedingly elegant grates in the shape of movable baskets ornamented with the pateraeand acanthus leaves, the swags and festoons characteristic of their manner . The
See also:dog-grate is a somewhat similar basket supported upon
See also:dogs or andirons, fixed or movable . In the closing years of the 19th century a " well-grate " was invented, in which the fire burns upon the hearth, combustion being aided by an air-chamber below .
GRASSHOPPER (Fr. sauterelle, `Ital. grillo, Ger. Gr...
GRATIAN (FLAvrus GRATIANUS AUGUSTUS)
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