GRAVE . (I) (From a
See also:common Teutonic verb, meaning " to dig "; in O . Eng. grafan; cf . Dutch graven, Ger. graben), a place dug out of the
See also:earth in which a dead
See also:body is laid for
See also:burial, and hence any place of burial, not necessarily an excavation (see FUNERAL
See also:RITES and BURIAL) . The verb " to grave," meaning properly to dig, is particularly used of the making of incisions in a hard
See also:surface (see
See also:ENGRAVING) . (2) A title, now obsolete, of a
See also:local administrative official for a township in certain parts of
See also:Yorkshire and
See also:Lincolnshire; it also sometimes appears in the
See also:form " grieve," which in Scotland and
See also:Northumberland is used for
See also:sheriff (q.v.), and also for a
See also:bailiff or under-steward . The origin of the word is obscure, but it is probably connected with the German graf, count, and thus appears as the second
See also:part of many Teutonic titles, such as landgrave,
See also:burgrave and
See also:margrave . " Grieve," on the other
See also:hand, seems to be the
See also:northern representative of O.E. gerefa, reeve; cf . " sheriff " and " count." (3) (From the
See also:Lat. gravis, heavy), weighty, serious, particularly with the idea of dangerous, as applied to diseases and the like, of character or temperament as opposed to gay . It is also applied to sound, low or deep, and is thus opposed to " acute." In
See also:music the
See also:term is adopted from the French and
See also:Italian, and applied to a
See also:movement which is
See also:solemn or slow . (4) To clean a
See also:ship's bottom in a specially constructed
See also:dock, called a " graving dock." The origin of the word is obscure; according to the New
See also:Dictionary there is no foundation for the connexion with "
See also:greaves " or "
See also:graves," the refuse of
See also:tallow, in candle or
See also:soap-making, supposed to be used in " graving " a ship . It may be connected with an O .
Fr. grave, mod. grbve,
See also:shore .
GRAVEL, or PEBBLE BEDS
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