See also:town of
See also:northern France, in the department of
See also:Nord and arrondissement of Dunkirk, 15 m . S.W. of Dunkirk on the railway to
See also:Calais . Pop . (1906) town, 1858; commune, 6284 .
See also:Gravelines is situated on the Aa, ri m. from its mouth in the
See also:Sea . It is surrounded by a
See also:double circuit of ramparts and by a tidal
See also:moat . The
See also:river is canalized and opens out beneath the fortifications into a floating
See also:basin . The situation of the
See also:port is one of the best in France on the North Sea, though its
See also:trade has suffered owing to the nearness of Calais and Dunkirk and the silting up of the channel to the sea . It is a centre for the
See also:cod and herring
See also:fisheries . Imports consist chiefly of
See also:timber from Northern
See also:Europe and
See also:coal from England, to which eggs and fruit are exported . Gravelines has paper-manufactories,
See also:fish-curing works,
See also:chicory-roasting factories, a cannery for preserved peas and other vegetables and an important timber-yard . The
See also:harbour is accessible to vessels
See also:drawing 18 ft. at high tides .
See also:part of the population of the commune of Gravelines dwells in the maritime quarter of
See also:Petit-Fort-Philippe at the mouth of the Aa, and in the
See also:village of
See also:Les Huttes (to the east of the town), which is inhabited by the
See also:fisher-folk . The canalization of the Aa by a count of
See also:Flanders about the
See also:middle of the 12th century led to the foundation of Gravelines (
See also:grave-linghe, meaning " count's canal.") . In 1558 it was the scene of the
See also:signal victory of the Spaniards under the count of Egmont over the French .
GRAVEL, or PEBBLE BEDS
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