See also:bishop of Norwich, entered
See also:John's service, and at his accession (1199) was rapidly promoted in the
See also:church till he became bishop of Norwich in
See also:September 1200 .
See also:King John's attempt to force him into the primacy in 1205 started the king's long and fatal
See also:quarrel with
See also:Pope Innocent III . De
See also:Gray was a hard-working royal official, in
See also:finance, in
See also:justice, in
See also:action, using his position to enrich himself and his
See also:family . In 1209 he went to
See also:Ireland to govern it as justiciar . He adopted a forward policy, attempting to extend the
See also:English frontier northward and westward, and fought a number of
See also:campaigns on the Shannon and in
See also:Fermanagh . But in 1212 he suffered a
See also:great defeat . He assimilated the coinage of Ireland to that of England, and tried to effect a similar reform in Irish
See also:law . De Gray was a
See also:good financier, and could always raise
See also:money: this probably explains the favour he enjoyed from King John . In 1213 he is found with 500 knights at the great muster at
See also:Downs, when
See also:Augustus was threatening to invade England . After John's reconciliation with Innocent he was one of those exempted from the general
See also:pardon, and was forced to go in
See also:person to Rome to obtain it . At Rome he so completely gained over Innocent that the pope sent him back with papal letters recommending his election to the bishopric of Durham (1213); but he died at St
See also:Jean d'Audely in
See also:Poitou on his homeward
See also:journey (
See also:October 1214) .
HORACE GRAY (1828–1902)
JOHN EDWARD GRAY (1800–1875)
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