See also:bishop of Cape
See also:Town and metropolitan of South Africa, was
See also:born at Bishop Wearmouth, Durham, and was the son of Robert
See also:Gray, bishop of
See also:Bristol . He was educated at
See also:Eton and
See also:Oxford, and took orders in 1833 . After holding the livings of Whitworth, Durham, 1834-1845, and Stockton-on-
See also:Tees 1845-1847, he was consecrated bishop of Cape Town in 1847; the bishopric having been endowed through the liberality of
See also:Miss (afterwards Baroness)
See also:Coutts . Until 1853 he was a
See also:suffragan of Canterbury, but in that
See also:year he formally resigned his see and was reappointed by letters patent metropolitan of South Africa in view of the contemplated
See also:establishment of the suffragan dioceses of
See also:Graham's Town and
See also:Natal . In that capacity his coercive jurisdiction was twice called in question, and in each case the judicial
See also:committee of the privy council decided against him . The best-known case is that of Bishop Colenso, whom Gray deposed and excommunicated in 1863, The spiritual validity of the
See also:sentence was upheld by the convocation of Canterbury and the
See also:Anglican synod of 1867, but legally Colenso remained bishop of Natal . The privy council decisions declared, in effect, that the Anglican
See also:body in South Africa was on the footing of a voluntary religious society . Gray, accepting this position, obtained its recognition by the
See also:church as the Church of the Province of South Africa, in full communion with the Church of England . The first provincial synod was held in 1870 . During his episcopate Bishop Gray effected a much-needed organization of the South
See also:African church, to which he added five new bishoprics, all carved out of the
See also:diocese of Cape Town . It was also chiefly owing to his suggestions that the
See also:mission to Central Africa was founded .
6TH BARON PATRICK GRAY GRAY (d. 1612)
SIR THOMAS GRAY (d. c. 1369)
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