See also:Russian statesman, was the son of
See also:governor of
See also:Great Novgorod . He was educated in the
See also:corps of cadets at St
See also:Petersburg, began his military career in the Seven Years' War, and was wounded at Zorndorf . While serving in the capital as an
See also:artillery officer he caught the
See also:fancy of Catherine II., and was the
See also:leader of the
See also:conspiracy which resulted in the dethronement and
See also:death of
See also:Peter III . (1762) . After the event, Catherine raised him to the
See also:rank of count and made him adjutant-general, director-general of
See also:engineers and general-in-chief . At one
See also:time the empress thought of marrying her favourite, but the plan was frustrated by Nikita Panin . Orlov's influence became paramount after the
See also:discovery of the Khitrovo plot to
See also:murder the whole Orlov
See also:family . Gregory Orlov was no states-man, but he had a
See also:quick wit, a fairly accurate appreciation of current events, and was a useful and sympathetic counsellor during the earlier portion of Catherine's reign . He entered with
See also:enthusiasm, both from patriotic and from economical motives, into the question of the improvement of the
See also:condition of the
See also:serfs and their partial emancipation . He was also their most prominent
See also:advocate in the great commission of 1767, though he aimed primarily at pleasing the empress, who affected great liberality in her earlier years . He was one of the earliest propagandists of the Slavophil idea of the emancipation of the Christians from the
See also:Turkish yoke . In 1771 he was sent as first Russian plenipotentiary to the peace-congress of Focshani; but he failed in his
See also:mission, owing partly to the obstinacy of the
See also:Turks, and partly (according to Panin) to his own outrageous insolence .
On returning without permission to St Petersburg, he found himself superseded in the empress's favour by Vasil'-chikov . WhenPotemkin, in 1771, superseded Vasil'chikov, Orlov became of no account at
See also:court and went abroad for some years . He returned to Russia a few months previously to his death, which took place at Moscow in 1780 . For some time before his death he was out of his mind .
See also:Late in
See also:life be married his niece, Madame Zinoveva, but
See also:left no
See also:children . See A . P . Barsukov, Narratives from Russian
See also:History in the 78th Century (Rus.) (St Petersburg, 1885) .
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