See also:born atGelnhausen in or about 1625 . At the age of ten he was kidnapped by
See also:Hessian soldiery, and in their midst tasted the adventures of military
See also:life in the
See also:Thirty Years' War . At its close, Grimmelshaiisen entered the service of
See also:Franz Egon von Fiirstenberg,
See also:bishop of Strassburg and in 1665 was made Schultheiss (
See also:magistrate) at Renchen in Baden . On obtaining this
See also:appointment, he devoted himself to
See also:literary pursuits, and in '669 published Der abenteuerliche Simplicissimus, Teutsch, d:h. die Beschreibung
See also:des Lebens eines seltsamen Vaganten,' genanntMelchior Sternfels von Fuchsheim, the greatest German novel of the 17th century . For this
See also:work he took as his
See also:model the
See also:picaresque romances of Spain, already to some extent known in Germany: Simplicissiy nuts is in
See also:great measure its author's autobiography; he begins with the childhood of his hero, and describes the latter's adventures amid the stirring scenes of the Thirty Years' War . The realistic detail with which these pictures are presented makes the
See also:book one of the most valuable documents of its
See also:time . In the later parts Grimmelshausen, however, over-indulges in allegory, and finally loses himself in' a
See also:Robinson Crusoe
See also:story . Among his other
See also:works the most important are the so-called Simplicianisch'e Schriften: Die Erzbetriigerin and Landstortzerin Courasche (c . 1669); Der seltsame Springinsfeld (167o) and Das wunderbarlithe Vogelnest (1672) . His satires, such as Der teutsche Michel (1670), and " gallant" novels, like Dietwald and Amelinde (167o) are of inferior
See also:interest . He died at Renchen on the 17th of
See also:August 1676, where a
See also:monument was erected to him in 1879 .
See also:Editions of Simplicissimus and the Sim licianische Schriften have been published by A. von Keller (1854), H .
See also:Kurz (1863-*1864), J . Tittmann (1877) and F . Bobertag (1882) . A reprint of the first edition of the novel was edited by R . Kogel for the series of Weudrucke des z6. and 17 . Jahrhunderis (188o) . See the introductions to these editions; also F .
See also:Antoine, Etude sur le Simplicissimus de Grimmels- hausen(1882) and E .
See also:Schmidt in his Charakteristiken, vol. i . (1886) .
COMTE DE PHILIPPE HENRI GRIMOARD (1753-1815)
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