GUANAJUATO, or GUANAXUATO , an inlandstate of Mexico, bounded N. by
See also:Zacatecas and
See also:San Luis
See also:Potosi, E. by
See also:Queretaro, S. by
See also:Michoacan and W. by
See also:Jalisco .
See also:Area, 11,370 sq. m . It is one of the most densely populated states of the republic; pop . (1895) 1,047,817; (1900) 1,061,724 . The state lies wholly within the limits of the
See also:great central
See also:plateau of Mexico, and has an
See also:average '
See also:elevation of about 6000 ft . The
See also:surface of its
See also:half is broken by the Sierra Gorda and Sierra de Guanajuato, but its
See also:southern half is covered by fertile plains largely devoted to
See also:agriculture . It is drained by the Rio Grande de Lerma and its tributaries, which in places flow through deeply eroded valleys . The
See also:climate is semi-tropical and healthy, and the rainfall is sufficient to insure
See also:good results in agriculture and stock-raising . In the warm valleys
See also:cane is grown, and at higher elevations
See also:Indian corn, beans,
See also:barley and wheat . The southern plains are largely devoted to stock-raising . Guanajuato has suffered much from the destruction of its forests, but there remain some small areas on the higher elevations of the
See also:north . The
See also:industry of the state is
See also:mining, the
See also:wealth of the
See also:mountain ranges of the north being enormous .
Among its mineral products are
See also:silver, gold, tin, lead, mercury, copper and opals . Silver has been extracted since the early days of the
See also:conquest, over $800,000,000 having been taken from the mines during the subsequent three and a half centuries . Some of the more productive of these mines, or groups of mines, are the Veta Madre (
See also:mother lode), the San Bernabe lode, and the Rayas mines of Guanajuato, and the La Valenciana mine, the output of which is said to have been $226,000,000 between 1766 and 1826 . The manufacturing establishments include
See also:flour mills, tanneries and manufactories of
See also:cotton and woollen mills, distilleries, foundries and
See also:potteries . The Mexican Central and the Mexican
See also:National railway lines
See also:cross the state from N. to S., and the former operates a
See also:short branch from Silao to the state capital and another westward from Irapuato to
See also:Guadalajara . The capital is Guanajuato, and other important cities and towns are Leon, or Leon de
See also:las Aldamas; Celaya (pop . 25,565 in 1900), an important railway junction 22 M. by
See also:rail W. from Queretaro, and known for its manufactures of broadcloth,
See also:soap and sweetmeats; Irapuato (18,593 in 1900), a railway junction and commercial centre, 21 M . S. by W. of Guanajuato; Silao (15,355), a railway junction and manufacturing
See also:town (woollens and cottons), 14 m . S.W. of Guanajuato; Salamanca (13,583), on the Mexican Central railway and Lerma
See also:river, 25 in . S. by E. of Guanajuato, with manufactures of cottons and
See also:porcelain; Allende (10,547), a commercial town 30 in . E. by S. of Guanajuato, with mineral springs;
See also:Valle de
See also:Santiago (12,660), 50 M . W. by S. of Queretaro; Salvatierra (10,393), 6o m .
S.E. of Guanajuato; Cortazar (8633); La Luz (8318), in a
See also:rich mining
See also:district; Penjamo (8262);
See also:Santa Cruz (7239); San Francisco del Rincon (10,904), 39 in . W. of Guanajuato in a rich mining district; and Acambaro (8345), a prosperous town of the plain, 76 m . S.S.E. of Guanaivato .
GUANAJUATO, or SANTA FE DE GUANAJUATO
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