See also:direct) N.W. of the Federal capital, on a small tributary of the Rio Grande de Lerma or
See also:Santiago . Pop . (1895) 39,404; (1900) 41,486 . The city is built in the
See also:Canada de Marfil at the junction of three ravines about 6500 ft. above the
See also:sea, and its narrow, tortuous streets rise steeply as they follow the ravines upward to the
See also:mining villages clustered about the opening of the mines in the hillsides . Guanajuato is sometimes described as a collection of mining villages; but in addition there is the central city with its crowded winding streets, its substantial old
See also:Spanish buildings, its fifty ore-crushing mills and busy factories and its bustling commercial
See also:life . Enclosing the city are the steep, barren
See also:mountain sides honeycombed with mines .. The
See also:climate is semi-tropical and is considered healthy . The noteworthy public buildings and institutions are an interesting old Jesuit
See also:church with
See also:arches of
See also:stone and delicate
See also:carving, eight monasteries, the
See also:government palace, a mint dating from 1812, a
See also:college, the
See also:fine Teatro
See also:Juarez, and the
See also:Pantheon, or public cemetery, with catacombs below . The Alhondiga de Granaditas, originally a public granary, was used as a fort during the War of Independence, and is celebrated as the scene of the first
See also:battle (181o) in that long struggle . Among the manufactures are cottons, prints, soaps, chemicals, pottery and silverware, .but mining is the
See also:interest and occupation of the population . The
See also:silver mines of the vicinity were long considered the richest in Mexico, the celebrated Veta Madre (
See also:mother lode) even being described as the richest in the
See also:world; and Guanajuato has the largest reduction
See also:works in Mexico .
The railway outlet for the city consists of a
See also:short branch of the Mexican Central, which joins the trunk
See also:line at Silao . Guanajuato was founded in 1554 . It attained the dignity of a city in 1741 . It was celebrated for its vigorous resistance to the invaders at the
See also:time of the Spanish
See also:conquest, and was repeatedly sacked during that war .
GUANAJUATO, or GUANAXUATO
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