GUILDHALL , the
See also:hall of the corporation of the city of
See also:London, England . It faces a courtyard opening out of Gresham Street . The date of its
See also:original foundation is not known . An
See also:ancient crypt remains, but the hall has otherwise undergone much alteration . It was rebuilt in 1411, beautified by the munificence of successive officials, damaged in the
See also:Fire of 1666, and restored in 1789 by
See also:George Dance; while the hall was again restored, with a new roof, in 1870 . This
See also:fine chamber, 152 ft. in length, is the scene of the state banquets and entertainments of the corporation, and of the municipal meetings " in
See also:common hall." The
See also:building also contains a council chamber and various
See also:court rooms, with a splendid library, open to the public, a museum and
See also:art gallery adjoining . The hall contains several monuments and two
See also:giant figures of
See also:wood, known as
See also:Gog and Magog . These were set up in 1708, but the he knew to be both hopeless and impolitic . At last, in
See also:March 1782, he insisted on resigning after the
See also:news of Cornwallis's surrender at
See also:Yorktown, and no man
See also:office more blithely . He had been well rewarded for his assistance to the
See also:king: his
See also:children had
See also:good sinecures; his
See also:brother, Brownlow
See also:North (1741—1820), was
See also:bishop of Winchester; he himself was chancellor of the university of
See also:lieutenant of the
See also:county of
See also:Somerset, and had finally been made a knight of the Garter, an
See also:honour which has only been conferred on three other members of the
See also:House of
See also:Sir R . Walpole, Lord Castlereagh and Lord Palmerston . Lord North did not remain long out of office, but in
See also:April 1783 formed his famous coalition with his old subordinate, C .
See also:Fox (q.v.), and became secretary of state with him under the nominal premiership of the duke of
See also:Portland . He was probably urged to this coalition with his old opponent by a
See also:desire to show that he could
See also:act independently of the king, and was not a mere royal mouthpiece . The coalition
See also:ministry went out of office on Fox's India
See also:Bill in
See also:December 1783, and Lord North, who was losing his sight, then finally gave up
See also:political ambition . He played, when quite
See also:blind, a somewhat important
See also:part in the debates on the Regency Bill in 1789, and in the next
See also:year succeeded his
See also:father as
See also:earl of Guilford . He did not long survive his
See also:elevation, and died peacefully on the 5th of
See also:August 1792 . It is impossible to consider Lord North a great statesman, but he was a most good-tempered and humorous member of the House of Commons . In a
See also:time of unexampled party feeling he won the esteem and almost the love of his most bitter opponents . Burke finely sums up his character in his
See also:Letter to a
See also:Noble Lord: " He was a man of admirable parts, of general knowledge, of a versatile understanding, fitted for every sort of business; of infinite wit and pleasantry, of a delightful
See also:temper, and with a mind most disinterested . But it would be only to degrade myself," he continues, " by a weak adulation, and not to honour the memory of a great man, to deny that he wanted something of the vigilance and spirit of command which the times required." By his wife Anne (d . 1797), daughter of George Speke of
See also:White Lackington, Somerset, Guilford had four sons, the eldest of whom, George
See also:Augustus (1757—1802), became 3rd earl on his father's
See also:death . This earl was a member of parliament from 1778 to 1792 and was a member of his father's ministry and also of the royal
See also:household; he left no sons when he died on the loth of April 1802 and was succeeded in the earldom by his brother
See also:Francis (1761—1817), who also left no sons .
The youngest brother,
See also:Frederick (1766—1827), who now became 5th earl of Guilford, was remarkable for his great knowledge and love of
See also:Greece and of the Greek language . He had a good
See also:deal to do with the foundation of the Ionian university at Corfu, of which he was the first chancellor and to which he was very liberal . Guilford, who was
See also:governor of
See also:Ceylon from 1798 to 1805, died unmarried on the 14th of
See also:October 1827 . His
See also:cousin, Francis (1772—1861), a son of Brownlow North, bishop of Winchester from 1781 to 1820, was the 6th earl, and the latter's descendant, Frederick George (b . 1876), became 8th earl in 1886 . On the death of the 3rd earl of Guilford in 1802 the
See also:barony of North fell into
See also:abeyance between his three daughters, the survivor of whom, Susan (1797—1884), wife of
See also:Doyle, who took the name of North, was declared by the House of Lords in 1841 to be Baroness North, and the title passed to her son,
See also:Henry John North, the 11th baron (b . 1836) (See NORTH, BARONS) . For the Lord Keeper Guilford see the Lives by the Hon . R . North, edited by A . Jessopp (1890) ; and E .
See also:Foss, The
See also:Judges of England, vol. vii .
(1848–1864) . For the
See also:minister, Lord North, see
See also:Correspondence of George III. with Lord North, edited by W . B .
See also:Donne (1867) ; Horace Walpole, Journal of the Reign of George III . (18J9), and
See also:Memoirs of the Reign of George III., edited by G . F . R .
See also:Barker (1894) ; Lord Brougham,
See also:Historical Sketches of Statesmen, vol. i . (1839); Earl Stanhope,
See also:History of England (1858); Sir T . E . May, Constitutional History of England (1863–1865); and W . E .
H .Lecky, History of England in the 18th century (1878–189o) .
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