See also:born at Dannenfels, in the
See also:Palatinate of the Rhine, on the 11th of
See also:February 1823, and is known chiefly by his researches on the geology of
See also:Bavaria . He received a
See also:practical and scientific
See also:education in
See also:mining at
See also:Munich and
See also:Heidelberg, taking the degree of Ph.D. at Munich in 1862; and he was engaged for a
See also:time at the colliery of St Ingbert and as a surveyor in that
See also:district . In 1851, when the
See also:Geological Survey of Bavaria was instituted, Gumbel was appointed chief geologist; in 1863 he was made honorary
See also:professor of geognosy and
See also:surveying at the university of Munich, and in 1879, Oberberg director of the Bavarian mining department with which the Geological Survey was incorporated . His geological map of Bavaria appeared in 1858, and the official memoir descriptive of the detailed
See also:work, entitled Geognostische Beschreibung
See also:des Konigreichs Bayern was issued in three parts (1861, 1868 and 1879) . He subsequently published his Geologie von Bayern in 2 vols . (1884-1894), an elaborate
See also:treatise on geology, with
See also:special reference to the geology of Bavaria . In the course of his long and active career he engaged in much palaeontological work: he studied the
See also:fauna of the Trias, and in 1861 introduced theterm Rhaetic for the uppermost division of that
See also:system; he supported at first the view of the organic nature of Eozoon (1866 and 1876), he devoted special
See also:attention to
See also:Foraminifera, and described those of the Eocene strata of the
See also:Alps (1868); he dealt also with Receptaculites (1875) which he regarded as a genus belonging to the Foraminif era . He died on the 18th of
See also:June 1898 .
GUM (Fr. gomme, Lat. gommi, Gr. Kµµ1, possibly a ...
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