See also:English hero of
See also:romance .
See also:Guy, son of
See also:Siward or Seguard of
See also:Wallingford, by his prowess in
See also:wars wins in
See also:marriage Felice (the Phyllis of the well-known ballad), daughter and heiress of Roalt,
See also:earl of
See also:Warwick . Soon after his marriage he is seized with remorse for the violence of his past
See also:life, and, by way of penance, leaves his wife and
See also:fortune to make a pilgrimage to the
See also:Land . After years of
See also:absence he returns in
See also:time to deliver Winchester for
See also:King IEthelstan from the invading
See also:kings, Anelaph (Anlaf or Olaf) and Gonelaph, by slaying in single fight their
See also:champion the
See also:giant Colbrand .
See also:Local tradition fixes the duel at Hyde Mead near Winchester . Making his way to Warwick he becomes one of his wife's bedesmen, and presently retires to a hermitage in
See also:Arden, only revealing his identity at the approach of
See also:death . The versions of the
See also:Middle English romance of Guy which we possess are adaptations from the French, and are
See also:cast in the
See also:form of a
See also:roman d'aventures, opening with a long recital of Guy's wars in
See also:Lombardy, Germany and Constantinople, and embellished with fights with dragons and surprising feats of arms . The kernel of the tradition evidently lies in the fight with Colbrand, which represents, or at least is symbolic'. of an
See also:historical fact . The religious side of the
See also:legend finds
See also:parallels in the stories of St Eustachius and St Alexius,2 and makes it probable that the Guy-legend, as we have it, has passed through monastic hands . Tradition seems to be at
See also:fault in putting Guy's adventures under iEthelstan . The Anlaf of the
See also:story is probably Olaf Tryggvason, who, with Sweyn of Denmark, harried the
See also:southern counties of England in 993 and pitched his winter quarters in Southampton . Winchester was saved, however, not by the valour of an English champion, but by the payment of
See also:money .
This Olaf was not unnaturally confused with Anlaf Cuaran or Havelok (q.v.) . The name Guy (perhaps aNorman form of A . S.
See also:wig= war) may be fairly connected with the
See also:family of Wigod,
See also:lord of Wallingford under
See also:Edward the
See also:Confessor, and a Filicia, who belongs to the 12th century and was perhaps the Norman poet's patroness, occurs in the
See also:pedigree of the Ardens, descended from Thurkill of Warwick and his son Siward . Guy's Cliffe, near Warwick, where in the 14th century
See also:Richard de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, erected a chantry, with a statue of the hero, does not correspond with the site of the hermitage as described in the 1 Some writers have supposed that the fight with Colbrand symbolizes the victory of Brunanburh . Anelaph and Gonelaph would then represent the
See also:cousins Anlaf Sihtricson and Anlaf Godfreyson (see HAVELox) . 2 See the English legends in C . Horstmann, Altenglische Legenden, Neue Folge (
See also:Heilbronn, 1881) . romance . The bulk of the legend is obviously fiction, even though it may be vaguely connected with the family
See also:history of the Ardens and the Wallingford family, but it was accepted as authentic fact in the
See also:chronicle of
See also:Pierre de
See also:Langtoft (
See also:Peter of Langtoft) written at the end of the 13th century . The adventures of Reynbrun, son of Guy, and his tutor Heraud of Arden, who had also educated Guy, have much in
See also:common with his
See also:father's history, and form an
See also:interpolation sometimes treated as a
See also:separate romance . There is a certain connexion between Guy and Count Guido of
See also:Tours (fl . 800), and
See also:Alcuin's advice to the count is transferred to the English hero in the
See also:Speculum Gy of Warewyke (c .
1327), edited for theEarly English Text Society by G . L .
See also:Morrill, 1898 . The French romance (Brit.,
See also:Mus . Harl . MS . 3775) has not been printed, but is described by Emile Littre in Hist. lilt. de la France (xxii., 841-851, 1852) . A French
See also:prose version was printed in
See also:Paris, 1525, and subsequently (see G .
See also:Manuel du libraire, s. v . " Guy de Warvich ") ; the English metrical romance exists in four versions, dating from the early 14th century; the text was edited by J . Zupitza (1873–1876) for the E.E.T.S. from Cambridge University
See also:Lib . Paper MS .
Ff . 2, 38, and again (3 pts . 1883–1891, extraseries, Nos . 42, 49, 59), from the Auchinleck and Caius
See also:MSS . The popularity of the legend is shown by the numerous versions in English: Guy of Warwick, translated from the Latin of Girardus Cornubiensis (R . 1350) into English
See also:verse by
See also:Lydgate between 1442 and 1468; Guy of Warwick, a poem (written in 1617 and licensed, but not printed) by John Lane, the MS of which (Brit . Mus.) contains a sonnet by John Milton, father of the poet; The Famous Historie of Guy, Earl of Warwick (c.1607),by
See also:Samuel Rowlands ; The Booke of the !vfoste Victoryous
See also:Prince Guy of Warwicke (
See also:Copland, no date) ; other
See also:editions by J . Cawood and C .
See also:chap-books and
See also:ballads of the 17th and 18th centuries: The Tragical History, Admirable Atchievements and Curious Events of Guy, Earl of Warwick, a tragedy (1661) which may possibly be identical with a
See also:play on the subject written by John
See also:Day and
See also:Dekker, and entered at Stationers'
See also:Hall on the 15th of
See also:January 1618/19; three verse fragments are printed by Hales and Furnivall in their edition of the Percy
See also:Folio MS. vol. ii.; an early French MS. is described by J . A .
See also:Herbert (An Early MS. of Gui de Warwick,
See also:London, 1905) . See also M .
WeyrauchDie mittelengl . Fassungen der
See also:Sage von Guy (2 pts.,
See also:Breslau, 1899 and 1901); J . Zupitza in Sitzungsber. d. phil.-hiss . Kl. d. kgl . Akad. d . Wiss . (vol. lxxiv., Vienna, 1874), and Zur Literaturgeschichte
See also:des Guy von Warwick (Vienna, 1873) ; a learned discussion of the whole subject by H . L .
See also:Catalogue of Romances (i . 471-501, 1883) ; and an article by S . L .
See also:Lee in the
See also:Dictionary of
See also:National Biography .
KARL FRIEDRICH AUGUST GUTZLAFF (1803–1851)
THOMAS GUY (1644–1724)
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