Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 795 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FRIEDRICH WILHELM VON HACKLANDER (1816—1877), German novelist and dramatist, was born at Burtscheid near Aix-la-Chapelle on the 1st of November 1816. Having served an apprenticeship in a commercial house, he entered the Prussian artillery, but, disappointed at not finding advancement, returned to business. - A soldier's life had a fascination for him, and he made his debut as an author with Bilder aus dem Soldatenleben im Frieden (1841). After a journey to the east, he was appointed secretary to the crown prince of Wurttemberg, whom he accompanied on his travels. Wachtstubenabenteuer, a continuation of his first work, appeared in 1845, and it was followed by Bilder aus dem Soldatenleben im Kriege (1849—1850). As a result of a tour in Spain in 1854, appeared Ein Winter in Spanien (1855). In 18J7 he founded, in conjunction with Edmund von Zoller, the illustrated weekly, Uber Land and Meer. In 1859 Hacklander was appointed director of royal parks and public gardens at Stuttgart, and in this post did much towards the embellishment of the city. In 18J9 he was attached to the headquarters staff of the Austrian army during the Italian war; in 1861 he was raised to an hereditary knighthood in Austria; in 1864 he retired into private life, and died on the 6th of July 1877. Hacklander's literary talent is confined within narrow limits. There is much in his works of lively, adventurous and even romantic description, but the character-drawing is feeble and superficial. Hacklander was a voluminous writer; the most complete edition of his works is the third, published at Stuttgart in 1876, in 6o volumes. There is also a good selection in 20 volumes (1880. Among his novels, Namenlose Geschichten (1851) ; Eugen Stillfried (1852) ; Krieg and accustomed to call themselves sons of Amon-Ra. The word Hadadrimmon, for which the inferior reading Hadarrimmon is found in some MSS. in the phrase " the mourning of (or at) Hadadrimmon " (Zech. xii. 1i), has been a subject of much discussion. According to Jerome and all the older Christian interpreters, the mourning for something that occurred at a place called Hadadrimmon (Maximianopolis) in the valley of Megiddo is meant, the event alluded to being generally held to be the death of Josiah (or, as in the Targum, the death of Ahab at the hands of Hadadrimmon); but more recently the opinion has been gaining ground that Hadadrimmon is merely another name for Adonis (q.v.) or Tammuz, the allusion being to the mournings by which the Adonis festivals were usually accompanied (Hitzig on Zech. xii. i1, Isa. xvii. 8; Movers, Phonizier, i. 196). T. K. Cheyne (Encycl. Bibl. s.v.) points out that the Septuagint reads simply Rimmon, and argues that this may be a corruption of Migdon (Megiddo), in itself a corruption of Tammuz-Adon. He would render the verse, " In that day there shall be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of the women who weep for Tammuz-Adon " (Adon means lord).

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