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FRIEDRICH VON HAGEDORN (1708-1754)

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Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 813 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FRIEDRICH VON HAGEDORN (1708-1754), German poet, was born on the 23rd of April 1708 at Hamburg, where his father, a man of scientific and literary taste, was Danish minister. He was educated at the gymnasium of Hamburg, and later (1726) became a student of law at Jena. Returning to Hamburg in 1729, he obtained the appointment of unpaid private secretary to the Danish ambassador in London, where he lived till 1731. Hagedorn's return to Hamburg was followed by a period of great poverty and hardship, but in 1733 he was appointed secretary to the so-called " English Court " (Englischer Hof) in Hamburg, a trading company founded in the 13th century. He shortly afterwards married, and from this time had sufficient leisure to pursue his literary occupations till his death on the 28th of October 1754. Hagedorn is the first German poet who bears unmistakable testimony to the nation's recovery from the devastation wrought by the Thirty Years' War. He is eminently a social poet. His light and graceful love-songs and anacreontics, with their undisguised joie de vivre, introduced a new note into the German lyric; his fables and tales in verse are hardly inferior in form and in delicate persiflage to those of his master La Fontaine, and his moralizing poetry re-echoes the philosophyof Horace. He exerted a dominant influence on the German lyric until late in the 18th century. The first collection of Hagedorn's poems was published at Ham-burg shortly after his return from Jena in 1729, under the title Versuch einiger Gedichte (reprinted by A. Sauer, Heilbronn, 1883). In 1738 appeared Versuch in poetischen Fabeln and Erzahlungen; in 1742 a collection of his lyric poems, under the title Sammlung neuer Oden and Lieder; and his Moralische Gedichte in 175o. A collection of his entire works was published at Hamburg after his death in 1757. The best is J. J. Eschenburg's edition (5 vols., Hamburg, 1800). Selections of his poetry with an excellent introduction in F. Muncker's Anakreontiker and preussisch-patriotische Lyriker (Stuttgart, 1894). See also H. Schuster, F. von Hagedorn and seine Bedeutung fur die deutsche Literatur (Leipzig, 1882); W. Eigenbrodt, Hagedorn and die Erzahlung in Reimversen (Berlin, 1884).
End of Article: FRIEDRICH VON HAGEDORN (1708-1754)
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