See also:British geographer, was
See also:born of
See also:family in or near
See also:London about 1553 . The Hakluyts were of Welsh extraction, not Dutch as has been supposed . They appear to have settled in
See also:Herefordshire as early as the 13th century . The family seat was
See also:Eaton, 2 m . S.E. of
See also:Leominster . Hugo Hakelute was returned M.P. for that
See also:borough in 1304/5 .
See also:Richard went to school at
See also:Westminster, where he was a
See also:scholar; while there his future bent was determined by a visit to his
See also:cousin and namesake, Richard
See also:Hakluyt of the
See also:Temple . His cousin's discourse, illustrated by " certain bookes of cosmographie, an universall mappe, and the Bible," made
See also:young Hakluyt resolve to "prosecute that knowledge and kind of literature." Entering Christ
See also:Oxford, in 1570, his exercises of
See also:duty first performed," he fell to his intended course of
See also:reading, and by degrees perused all the printed or written voyages and discoveries that he could find . He took his B.A. in 1573/4 . It is probable that, shortly after taking his M.A . (1577), he began at Oxford the first-public lectures in geography that " chewed both the old imperfectly composed and the new lately reformed mappes, globes, spheares, and other
See also:instruments of this
See also:art." That this was not in London is certain, as we know that the first lecture of the kind was delivered in the metropolis on the 4th of
See also:November x588 by
See also:Hood . Hakluyt's first published
See also:work was his
See also:Divers Voyages touchingthe Discoverie of
See also:America (London, 1582, 4to.) .
This brought him to the
See also:notice of
See also:Howard of Effingham, and so to that of
See also:Edward Stafford, Lord Howard's
See also:law; accordingly at the age of
See also:thirty, being acquainted with " the chiefest captaines at
See also:sea, the greatest merchants, and the best mariners of our nation," he was selected, as
See also:chaplain to accompany Stafford, now
See also:ambassador at the French
See also:court, to
See also:Paris (1583) . In accordance with the instructions of Secretary Walsingham, he occupied himself chiefly in
See also:collecting information of the
See also:Spanish and French movements, and " making diligent inquirie of such things as might yield any
See also:light unto our westerne discoverie in America." The first-fruits of Hakluyt's labours in Paris are embodied in his important work entitled A particuler discourse concerning Westerne discoveries written in the yere 1584, by Richarde Hackluyt of Oxforde, at the requeste and direction of the righte worshipfull Mr Walter Raghly before the comynge home of his twoo barkes . This long-lost MS. was_at last printed in 1877 . Its
See also:object was to recommend the enterprise of planting the English
See also:race in the unsettled parts of
See also:North America . Hakluyt's other
See also:works consist mainly of
See also:translations and compilations, relieved by his dedications and prefaces, which last, with a few letters, are the only material we possess out of which a biography of him can be framed . Hakluyt revisited England in 1584, laid before Queen
See also:Elizabeth a copy of the Discourse " along with one in Latin upon Aristotle's Politicks," and obtained, two days before his return to Paris, the
See also:grant of the next vacant prebend at
See also:Bristol, to which he was admitted in 1586 and held with his other preferments till his
See also:death . While in Paris Hakluyt interested himself in the publication of the MS. journal of Laudonniere, the Histoire notable de la
See also:Florida, edited by Bassanier (Paris, 1586, 8vo.) . This was translated by Hakluyt and published in London under the title of A notable historie containing foure voyages made by certayne French captaynes into Florida (London, 1587, 4t0.) . The same
See also:year De orbe novo Petri Martyris Anglerii decades octo illustratae labore et
See also:industria Richardi Hackluyti saw the light at Paris . This work contains the exceedingly rare copperplate map dedicated to Hakluyt and signed F . G . (supposed to be
See also:Francis Gualle); it is the first on which the name of " Virginia " appears .
In 1588 Hakluyt finally returned to England with
See also:Lady Stafford, after a residence in France of nearly five years . In 1589 he published the first edition of his chief work, The Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English Nation (fol., London, i vol.) . In the preface to this we have the announcement of the intended publication of the first terrestrial globe made in England by
See also:Molyneux . In 1598—1600 appeared the final, reconstructed and greatly enlarged edition of The
See also:Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation (fol., 3 vols.) . Some few copies contain an exceedingly rare map, the first on the Mercator
See also:projection made in England according to the true principles laid down by Edward
See also:Wright . Hakluyt's
See also:great collection, though but little read, has been truly called the "
See also:prose epic of the
See also:modern English nation." It is an invaluable treasure of material for the
See also:history of
See also:discovery and colonization, which has secured for its editor a lasting reputation . In 16o1 Hakluyt edited a
See also:translation from the Portuguese of Antonio Galvano, The Discoveries of the
See also:World (4to., London) . In the same year his name occurs as an adviser to the East India
See also:Company, supplying them with maps, and informing them as to markets . Meantime in 1590 (
See also:April loth) he had been instituted to the rectory of Witheringsett-cum-Brockford,
See also:Suffolk . In 1602, on the 4th of May, he was installed prebendary of Westminster, and in the following year he was elected archdeacon of Westminster . In the licence of his second
See also:marriage (3oth of
See also:March 1604) he is also described as one of the chaplains of the Savoy, and his will contains a reference to
See also:chambers occupied by him there up to the
See also:time of his death; in another official document he is styled D.D . In 16o5 he secured the prospective living of
See also:Town, the intended capital of the intended colony of Virginia .
See also:benefice he supplied, when the colony was at last established in i6o7, by a curate, one Robert
See also:Hunt . In 16o6 he appears as one of the chief promoters of the petition to the
See also:king for
See also:patents to colonize Virginia . He was also a leading adventurer in the London or South Virginia Company . His last publication was a translation of Fernando de Soto's discoveries in Florida, entitled Virginia richly valued by the description of Florida her next neighbour (London, 1609, 4to) . This work was intended to encourage the young colony of Virginia; to Hakluyt, it has been said, " England is more indebted for its
See also:American possession than to any man of that age." We may notice that it was at Hakluyt's
See also:suggestion that Robert Parke translated
See also:Mendoza's History of
See also:China (London, 1588–1589) and
See also:John Pory made his version of
See also:Africanus (A Geographical History of Africa, London, 1600) . Hakluyt died in 1616 (November 23rd) and was buried in Westminster Abbey (November 26th); by an error in the abbey
See also:register his
See also:burial is recorded under the year 1626 . Out of his various emoluments and preferments (of which the last was Gedney rectory,
See also:Lincolnshire, in 1612) he amassed a small
See also:fortune, which was squandered by a son . A number of his
See also:MSS., sufficient to
See also:form a
See also:volume of his collections of 1 J98–1600, fell into the hands of
See also:Purchas, who inserted them in an abridged form in his Pilgrimes (1625–1626, fol.) . Others are preserved at Oxford (Bib . Bod . MS . Seld .
B . 8). which consist chiefly of notes gathered from contemporary authors . Besides the MSS. or
See also:editions noticed in the text (Divers Voyages (1582); Particuler Discourse (1584); Laudonniere's Florida (1587);
See also:Martyr, Decades (1587) ; Principal Navigations (1589 and 1598–i600); Galvano's Discoveries (16oi); De Soto's Florida record, the Virginia richly valued (16o9, &c.), we may notice the Hakluyt Society's London edition of the Divers Voyages in 185o, the edition of the Particuler Discourse, by
See also:Charles Deane in the Collections of the Maine
See also:Historical Society (Cambridge, Mass., 1870, with an introduction by Leonard Woods); also, among modern issues of the Principal Navigations, those of 1809 (5 vols., with much additional
See also:matter), and of 1903–1905 (
See also:Glasgow, 12 vols.) . The new title-page issued for the first volume of the final edition of the Principal Navigations, in 1599, merely cancelled the former 1598 title with its reference to the Cadiz expedition of 1596; but from this has arisen the mistaken supposition that a new edition was then (1599) published . Hakluyt's Galvano was edited for the Hakluyt Society by
See also:Admiral C . R . D . Bethune in 1862 . This Society, which was founded in 1846 for printing rare and unpublished voyages and travels, includes the Glasgow edition of the Principal Navigations in its extra series, as well as C . R . Beazley's edition of
See also:Rubruquis, and other
See also:medieval texts from Hakluyt (Cambridge, 1903, r vol.) . Reckoning in these and an issue of Purchas'sPilgrimesby the Glasgow publisher of the Hakluyt of 1903–1905, the society has now published or " fathered " 15o vols .
See also Voyages of the Elizabethan
See also:Seamen to America, being Select Narratives from the Principal Navigations, by E . J .
See also:Payne (Oxford, 188o; 1893; neweditionby,C . R . Beazley, 1907) . For Hakluyt's
See also:life the dedications of the 1589 and 1598 editions of the Principal Navigations should be especially consulted; also Winter
See also:Jones's introduction to the Kakluyt Society edition of the Divers Voyages;
See also:Fuller's Worthies of England, " Herefordshire "; Oxford Univ . Reg . (Oxford Hist .
See also:Soc.), ii., 1.11 . 39; Historical MSS . Commission, 4th
See also:report, appendix, p . 614, the last giving us the Towneley MSS. referring to payments (prizes?) awarded to Hakluyt when at Oxford, May 12th and
See also:June 4th, 1575 .
(C . H . C . ; C . R .
HAKKAS (" Guests," or " Strangers ")
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