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RICHARD BURDON HALDANE (1856– )

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Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 831 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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RICHARD BURDON HALDANE (1856– )  ,
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British states-man and philosopher, was the third son of Robert Haldane of Cloanden,
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Perthshire, a writer to the signet, and
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nephew of J . S . Burdon-Sanderson . He was a
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grand-nephew of the Scottish divines J . A. and Robert Haldane . He was educated at
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Edinburgh Academy and the
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universities of Edinburgh and
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Gottingen, where he studied philosophy under Lotze . He took first-class honours in philosophy at Edinburgh, and was Gray scholar and Ferguson scholar in philosophy of the four Scottish Universities (1876) . He was called to the bar in 1879, and so early as 1890 became a queen's counsel . In 1885 he entered parliament as liberal member for Haddingtonshire, for which he was re-elected continuously. up to and including igro . He was included in 1905 in
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Sir H . Campbell-Bannerman's
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cabinet as secretary for war, and was the author of the important scheme for the re-organization of the British army, by which the militia and the volunteer forces were replaced by a single territorial force . Though always known as one of the ablest men of the Liberal party and conspicuous during the
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Boer War of 1899–1902 as a Liberal Imperialist, the choice of Mr Haldane for the task of thinking out a new army organization on business lines had struck many
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people as curious .

Besides being a

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chancery lawyer, he was more particularly a philosopher, conspicuous for his knowledge of Hegelian metaphysics . But with German philosophy he had also the German sense of thoroughness and
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system, and his scheme, while it was much criticized, was recognized as the best that could be done with a voluntary army . Mr Haldane's chief
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literary publications were:
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Life of Adam Smith (1887);
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Education and
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Empire (1902); The Pathway to Reality (1903) . He also translated, jointly with J . Kemp, Schopen- hauer's Die Welt als Wille and Vorstellung (The
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World as Will and Idea, 3 vols., 1883-1886) .

End of Article: RICHARD BURDON HALDANE (1856– )
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