See also:lightning"), Carthaginian general and statesman,
See also:father of Hannibal, was
See also:born soon after 270 B.C . He distinguished himself during the First Punic War in 247, when he took over the chief command in
See also:Sicily, which at this
See also:time was almost entirely in the hands of the Romans . Landing suddenly on the
See also:north-west of the
See also:island with a small mercenary force he seized a strong position on Mt . Ercte (
See also:Monte Pellegrino, near Palermo), and not only maintained himself against all attacks, but carried his raids as far as the
See also:coast of south Italy . In 244 he transferred his army to a similar position on the slopes of Mt . Eryx (Monte
See also:San Giuliano), from which he was able to lend support to the besieged garrison in the neighbouring
See also:town of Drepanum (
See also:Trapani) . By a
See also:provision of the peace of 241 Hamilcar's unbeaten force was allowed to depart from Sicily without any token of submission . On returning to Africa his troops, which had been kept together only by his
See also:personal authority and by the promise of
See also:good pay, broke out into open
See also:mutiny when their rewards were withheld by Hamilcar's opponents among the governing aristocracy . The serious danger into which
See also:Carthage was brought by the failure of the aristocratic generals was averted by Hamilcar, whom the
See also:government in this crisis could not but reinstate . By the power of his personal influence among the mercenaries and the surrounding
See also:African peoples, and by
See also:strategy, he speedily crushed the revolt (237) . After this success Hamilcar enjoyed such influence among the popular and patriotic party that his opponents could not prevent him being raised to a virtual dictatorship . After recruiting and training a new army in some Numidian forays he led on his own responsibility an expedition into Spain, where he hoped to gain a new
See also:empire to compensate Carthage for the loss of Sicily and
See also:Sardinia, and to serve as a basis for a
See also:campaign of vengeance against the Romans (236) .
In eight years by force of arms and
See also:diplomacy he secured an extensive territory in Spain, but his premature
See also:death in
See also:battle (228) prevented him from completing the
See also:conquest . Hamilcar stood out far above the Carthaginians of his age in military and
See also:diplomatic skill and in strength of patriotism; in these qualities he was surpassed only by his son Hannibal, whom he had imbued with his own deep hatred of Rome and trained to be his successor in the conflict . This Hamilcar has been confused with another general who succeeded to the command of the Carthaginians in the First Punic War, and after successes at Therma and Drepanum was defeated at Ecnomus (256 B . C.) . Subsequently, apart from unskilful operations against
See also:Regulus, nothing is certainly known of him . For others of the name see CARTHAGE, SICILY,
See also:Smith's Classical
See also:Dictionary . So far as the name itself is concerned, Milcar is perhaps the same as Melkarth, the Tyrian
See also:god . See
See also:Polybius i.-iii.; Cornelius Nepos, Vita Hamilcaris;
See also:Appian, Res His panicae, chs . 4, 5, Diodorus, Excerpta,
See also:xxv.; O . Meltzer, Geschichte der Karthager (Berlin, 1877), ii. also PUNIC
See also:WARS . (M . O .
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