HAMPSTEAD , a
See also:north-western metropolitan
See also:borough of
See also:London, England, bounded E. by St Pancras and S. by St Marylebone, and extending N. and W. to the boundary of the
See also:county of London . Pop . (1901), 81,942 . The name, Hamstede, is synonymous with "
See also:homestead," and the
See also:manor is first named in a
See also:charter of Edgar (957-975), and was granted to the abbey of
See also:Westminster by
See also:Ethelred in 986 . It reverted to the
See also:Crown in 1550, and had various owners until the close of the 18th century, when it came to
See also:Wilson, whose descendants retain it . The borough includes the sub-manor of Belsize and
See also:part of the
See also:hamlet of Kilburn . The
See also:surface of the ground is sharply undulating, an elevated
See also:spur extending south-west from the neighbourhood of
See also:Highgate, and turning south through Hampstead . It reaches a height of 443 ft. above the level of the
See also:Thames . The Edgware Road
See also:bounds Hampstead on the west; and the borough is intersected, parallel to this thoroughfare, by
See also:Finchley Road, and by Haver-stock
See also:Hill, which, continued under the names of Rosslyn Hill, High Street, Heath Street, and North End, crosses the Heath for which Hampstead is chiefly celebrated . This is a
See also:fine open space of about 240 acres, including in its bounds the
See also:summit of Hampstead Hill . It is a sandy
See also:tract, in parts well wooded, diversified with several small sheets of
See also:water, and to a
See also:great extent preserves its natural characteristics unaltered . Beautiful views, both near and distant, are commanded from many points .
Of all the public grounds within London this is the most valuable to the populace at large; the number of visitors on a
See also:holiday in
See also:August is generally, under favourable conditions, about 100,000; and strenuous efforts are always forthcoming from either public or private bodies when the integrity of the Heath is in any way menaced . As early as 1829 attempts to save it from the builder are recorded . In 1871 its preservation as an open space was insured after several years' dispute, when the
See also:lord of the manor gave up his rights . An
See also:act of parliament transferred the ownership to the Metropolitan
See also:Board of
See also:Works, to which
See also:body the London County Council succeeded . The Heath is continued eastward in Parliament Hill (borough of St Pancras), acquired for the public in 1890; and westward outside the county boundary in Golders Hill, owned by Sir Spenser
See also:Bart., until 1898 . A
See also:Protection Society
See also:guards the preservation of the natural beauty and interests of the Heath . It is not the interests of visitors alone that must be consulted, for Hampstead, adding to its other attractions a singularly healthy
See also:climate, has long been a favourite residential quarter, especially for lawyers, artists and men of letters . Among famous residents are found the first
See also:earl of Chatham,
See also:George Romney, George du Maurier,
See also:Butler, author of the
See also:Analogy, Sir
See also:Steele, John
See also:Keats, the sisters
See also:Joanna and
See also:Baillie, Leigh
See also:Hunt and many others . The
See also:church of St John (1747) has several monuments of eminent persons . Chatham's residence was at North End, a picturesque quarter yet preserving characteristics of a rural
See also:village; here also
See also:Collins was
See also:born . Three old-established inns, the Bull and
See also:Bush, the Spaniards, and
See also:Castle (the name of which has no
See also:historical significance), claim many great names among former visitors; while the Upper
See also:Inn, now a private
See also:house, was the
See also:meeting-place of the
See also:Club . Chalybeate springs were discovered at Hampstead in the 17th century, and early in the 18th rivalled those of Tunbridge Wells and
See also:Epsom .
The name of Well Walk recalls them, but their fame is lost . There are others at Kilburn . In the south-east Hampstead includes the greater part of
See also:Primrose Hill, a public ground adjacent to the north side of
See also:Park . The borough has in all about 350 acres of open spaces . The name of the sub-manor of Belsize is preserved in several streets in the central part . Kilburn, which as a
See also:district extends outside the borough, takes name from a stream which, as the Westbourne, entered the Thames at
See also:Chelsea .
See also:Fleet Road similarly recalls the more famous stream which washed the walls of the City of London on the west . Hampstead has numerous charitable institutions, amongst which are the North London consumptive hospital, the
See also:Orphan Working School, Haverstock Hill (1758), the general hospital and the north-western fever hospital . In Finchley Road are the New and
See also:Hackney Colleges, both Congregational . The
See also:parliamentary borough of Hampstead returns one member . The borough council consists of a mayor, 7 aldermen and 42 councillors .
See also:Area, 2265 acres .
HAMPSHIRE (or COUNTY OF SOUTHAMPTON, abbreviated HA...
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