HARCOURT , a
See also:village in
See also:Normandy, now a commune in the department of
See also:Eure, arrondissement of
See also:Bernay and
See also:canton of Brionne, which gives its name to a
See also:family distinguished in French
See also:history, a branch of which was early established in England . Of the lords of Harcourt, whose genealogy can be traced back to the 11th century, the first to distinguish himself was
See also:Jean II . (d . 1302) who was marshal and
See also:admiral of France . Godefroi d'Harcourt, seigneur of
See also:Saint Sauveur le Vicomte, surnamed " Le boiteux " (the lame), was a marshal in the
See also:English army and was killed near Coutances in 1356 . The
See also:fief of Harcourt was raised to the
See also:rank of a countship by
See also:Philip of Valois, in favour of Jean IV., who was killed at the
See also:battle of
See also:Crecy (1346) . His son, Jean V . (d . 1355) married
See also:Blanche, heiress of Jean II., count of Aumale, and the countship of Harcourt passed with that of Aumale until, in 1424, Jean VIII., count of Aumale and
See also:Mortain and
See also:lieutenant-general of Normandy, was killed at the battle of Verneuil, and with him the elder branch became
See also:extinct in the male
See also:line . The heiress,
See also:Marie, by her
See also:marriage with Anthony of
See also:Lorraine, count of Vaudemont, brought the countship of Harcourt into the
See also:house of Lorraine . The title of count of Harcourt was
See also:borne by several princes of this house . The most famous instance was
See also:Henry of Lorraine, count of Harcourt, Brionne, and
See also:Armagnac, and nicknamed "
See also:Cadet la perle " (16o1-1666) .
He distinguished himself in several
See also:campaigns against Spain, and later played an active
See also:part in the
See also:wars of the
See also:Fronde . He took the side of the princes, and fought against the t
See also:government in
See also:Alsace; but was defeated by Marshal de la Ferte, and made his submission in 1654 . The most distinguished among the younger branches of the family are those of
See also:Montgomery and of Beuvron . To the former belonged Jean d'Harcourt,
See also:bishop of
See also:Amiens and
See also:Tournai, archbishop of
See also:Narbonne and
See also:patriarch of
See also:Antioch, who died in 1452; and Guillaume d'Harcourt, count of Tancarville, and
See also:viscount of
See also:Melun, who was
See also:head of the administration of the woods and forests in the royal domain (souverain maitre et reformateur
See also:des eaux et forces de France) and died in 1487 . From the branch of the marquises of Beuvron sprang
See also:Henri d'Harcourt, marshal of France, and
See also:ambassador at the
See also:court, who was made duke of Harcourt (1700) and a peer of France (1709); also
See also:Gabriel, count, and afterwards duke, of Harcourt, who was ambassador first in Spain, and later at Rome, and died in 1865 . This branch of the family is still in existence . See G . A. de la Rogne, Histoire genealogique de la maison d'Harcourt (4 vols.,
See also:Paris, 1662) ; P . Anselme, Histoire genealogique de la maison de France, v . 114, &c . ; and Dom le Noir, Preuves genealogiques et historiques de la maison de Harcourt (Paris, 1907) . (M .
1ST VISCOUNT SIMON HARCOURT HARCOURT (c. 1661-1727)...
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