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JOHANNES CARSTEN HAUCH (1790-1872)

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Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 65 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHANNES CARSTEN HAUCH (1790-1872), Danish poet, was born of Danish parents residing at Frederikshald in Norway, on the 12th of May 1790. In 1802 he lost his mother, and in 1803 returned with his father to Denmark. In 1807 he fought as a volunteer against the English invasion. He entered the university of Copenhagen in r8o8, and in 1821 took his doctor's degree. He became the friend and associate of Steffens and Oehlenschldger, warmly adopting the romantic views about poetry and philosophy. His first two dramatic poems, The Journey to Ginistan and The Power of Fancy, appeared in 1816, and were followed by a lyrical drama, Rosaura (1817); but these works attracted little or no attention. Hauch therefore gave up all hope of fame as a poet, and resigned himself entirely to the study of science. He took his doctor's degree in zoology in 1821, and went abroad to pursue his studies. At Nice he had an accident which obliged him to submit to the amputation of one foot. He returned to literature, publishing a dramatized fairy tale, the Hamadryad, and the tragedies of Bajazet, Tiberius, Gregory VII., in 1828-1829, The Death of Charles V. (1831), and The Siege of Maestricht (1832). These plays were violently attacked and enjoyed no success. Hauch then turned to novel-writing, and published in succession five romances—Vilhelm Zabern (1834); The Alchemist (1836); A Polish Family (1839); The castle on the Rhine (1845); and Robert Fulton (18J3). In 1842 he collected his shorter Poems. In 1846 he waS appointed professor of the Scandinavian languages in Kiel, but returned to Copenhagen when the war broke out in 1848. About this time his dramatic talent was at its height, and he produced one admirable tragedy after "another; among these may be mentioned Svend Gratlze (1841); The Sisters at Kinnekulle (1849); Marshal Stig (1850); Honour Lost and Won (1851); and Tycho Brahe's Youth (1852). From 1858 to 186o Bauch was director of the Danish National Theatre; he produced three more tragedies—The King's Favourite (1859); Henry of Navarre (1363); and Julian the Apostate (1866). In 1861 he published another collection of Lyrical Poems and Romances; and in 1862 the historical epic of Valdemar Seir, volumes which contain his best work. From 181, when he succeeded Oehlenschlager, to his death, he held the honorary post of professor of aesthetics at the university of Copenhagen. He died in Rome in 1872. Rauch was one of the most prolific of the Danish poets, though his writings are unequal in value. His lyrics and romances in verse are always line in form and often strongly imaginative. In all his writings, but especially in his tragedies, he displays a strong bias in favour of what is mystical and supernatural. Of his dramas Marshal .Stilt is perhaps the best, and of his novels the patriotic tale of Vlhelm Zabern is admired the most. See G. Brandes, " Carsten Ifauch " (1873) in DanskeDigtere (1877) ; F. R6nning, J. C. Rauch (189o), and in Dansk Biografssk-Lexicon, (vol. vii. Copenhagen, 1893). Winch's novels were collected (1873–18774) and his dramatic works (3 vols., and ed., 1852–1859).
End of Article: JOHANNES CARSTEN HAUCH (1790-1872)
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