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RITTER VON FRANZ HAUER (1822–1899)

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Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 65 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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RITTER VON FRANZ HAUER (1822–1899), Austrian geologist, born in Vienna on the 30th of January 1822, was son of Joseph von Hauer (1778–1863), who was equally distinguished as a high Austrian official and authority on finance and as a palaeontologist. He was educated in Vienna, afterwards studied geology at the mining academy of Schemnitz (1839-1843), and for a time was engaged in official mining work in Styria. In 1846 he became assistant to W. von Haidinger at the mineralogical museum in Vienna; three years later he joined the imperial geological institute, and in 1866 he was appointed director. In 1886 he became superintendent of the imperial natural history museum in Vienna. Among his special geological works are those on the Cephalopoda of the Triassic and Jurassic formations of Alpine regions (1855–1856). His most important general work was that of the Geological Map of Austro-Hungary, in twelve sheets (1867–1871; 4th ed., 1884, including Bosnia and Montenegro). This map was accompanied by a series of explanatory pamphlets. In 1582 he was awarded the Wollaston medal by the Geological Society of London. In 1892 von Hauer became a life-member of the upper house of the Austrian parliament. He died on the _loth of March 1899. Puul.icaT1oxs.—Beitrage zur Palaontolographie von Osterreich (1858–18J9); Die Geologic and ihre Anwendung auf die Kenntn.is der Bodenbeschaffenheit der osterr.-ungar. Monarchic (1875; ed. 2, 1878). Memoir 1w Dr E. Tictzc; Jahrbuch der K. K. geolog. Reichsanstalt (1899, reprinted 1900, with portrait).
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