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MORITZ HAUPTMANN (1792—1868)

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Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 69 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MORITZ HAUPTMANN (1792—1868), German musical composer and writer, was born at Dresden, on the 13th of October 1792, and studied music under Scholz, Lanska, ,Grosse and Morlacchi, the rival of Weber_ Afterwards he completed his education as a violinist and composer under Spohr, and till 1820 held various appointments in private families, varying his musical occupations with mathematical and other studies bearing chiefly on acoustics and kindred subjects. For a time also Hauptmann was employed as an architect, but all other - pursuits gave place to music, and a grand tragic opera, Mat{zilde, belongs to the period just referred to. In 1822 he entered the orchestra of Cassel, again under Spohr's direction, and it was then that he first taught composition and musical theory•to such men and his first lectures, dealing with such diverse subjects as Catullus and the Nibelungenlied, indicated the twofold direction of his labours. A new chair of German language and literature being founded for his benefit, he became professor extraordinarius (1841) and then professor ordinarius (1843); and in 1842 he married Louise Hermann, the daughter of his master and col-league. But the peaceful and prosperous course opening out before him at the university of Leipzig was brought to a sudden close. Having taken part in 1849 with Otto Jahn and Theodor Mommsen in a political agitation for the maintenance of the imperial constitution, Haupt was deprived of his professorship by a decree of the 22nd of April 1851. Two years later, however, he was called to succeed Lachmann at the university of Berlin; and at the same time the Berlin academy, which had made him as Ferdinand David, Burgmuller, Kiel and others. His corn-a corresponding member in 1841, elected him an ordinary positions at this time chiefly consisted of motets, masses, can-member. For twenty-one years he continued to hold a prominent tatas and songs. His opera 'Valhi/de was performed at Cassel theque de l'Ecole des Charles, and the Journal des savants. From the time of his appointment to the Bibliotheque, Nationale up to the last days of his life he was engaged in 'making abstracts of all the medieval Latin writings (many anonymous or of doubtful attribution) relating to philosophy, theology, grammar, canon law, and poetry, carefully noting on cards the first words of each passage. After his death this index of incipits, arranged alphabetically, was presented to the Academic des Inscriptions, and a copy was placed in the MS. department of the Bibliotheque Nationale. Sec obituary notice read by Henri Walton at a meeting of the Academic des Inscriptions on the 12th of November 1897; and the notice by Paul Meyer prefixed to vol. xxxiii. of the Histoire litteraire de la France.
End of Article: MORITZ HAUPTMANN (1792—1868)
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