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MORITZ HAUPT (1808—1874)

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Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 68 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MORITZ HAUPT (1808—1874), German philologist, was born at Zittau, in Lusatia, on the 27th of July 18o8. His early education was mainly conducted by his father, Ernst Friedrich Haupt, burgomaster of Zittau, a man of good scholarly attainment, who used to take pleasure in turning German hymns or Goethe's poems into Latin, and whose memoranda were employed by G. Freytag in the 4th volume of his Bilder arts der deutschen Vergangenheit. From the Zittau gymnasium, where he spent the five years 1821—1826, Haupt removed to the university of Leipzig with the intention of studying theology; but the natural bent of his mind and the influence of Professor G. Hermann soon turned all his energies in the direction of philosophy. On the close of his university course (1830) he returned to his father's house, and the next seven years were devoted to quiet work, not only at Greek, Latin and German, but at Old French, Provencal and Bohemian. He formed with Lachmann at Berlin a friendship which had great effect on his intellectual development. In September 18J7 he " habilitated " at Leipzig as Privatdozent,von Fallersleben, he started the Altdeutsche Blotter, which in 1841 gave place to the Zeitschrift fiir deutsches Altertum, of which he continued editor till his death. Hartmann von Aue's Erec (1839) and his Lieder, Biichlein and Der arme Heinrich (1842), Rudolf von Ems's Gisler Gerhard (184o) and Conrad von Wurzburg's Engelhard (1844) are the principal German works which he edited. To form a collection of the French songs of the 16th century was one of his favourite schemes, but a little volume published after his death, Franzosische Volkslieder (1877), is the only monument of his labours in that direction. Three volumes of his Opuscula were published at Leipzig (1875—1877). See Kirchhoff, " Gedachtnisrcde," in Abhandl. der Konigl. Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (1875) ; Otto Belger, Moritz Haupt als Lehrer (1879) ; Sandys, Ilist. Class. Schol. iii. (1908).
End of Article: MORITZ HAUPT (1808—1874)
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