HAY , amarket
See also:town and urban
See also:district of
See also:Breconshire, south
See also:Wales, on the
See also:Hereford and
See also:Brecon section of the Midland railway, 1642 m. from
See also:London, 20 M . W. of Hereford and 17 M . N.E. of Brecon by
See also:rail . Pop . (1901), 1680 . The
See also:Golden Valley railway to Pontrilas (184 m.), now a branch of the
See also:Great Western, also starts from Hay . The town occupies rising ground on the south (right)
See also:bank of the Wye, which here separates the counties of Brecknock and
See also:Radnor but immediately below enters
See also:Herefordshire, from which the town is separated on the E. by the
See also:river Dulas .
See also:Leland and
See also:Camden ascribe a
See also:Roman origin to the town, and the former states that quantities of Roman
See also:coin (called by the
See also:people " Jews'
See also:money ") and some pottery had been found near by, but of this no other record is known . The Wye valley in this district served as the
See also:gate between the
See also:present counties of Brecknock and Hereford, and, though Welsh continued for two or three centuries after the Norman
See also:Conquest to be the spoken language of the adjoining
See also:part of Herefordshire south of the Wye (known as Archenfield), there must have been a " burh " serving as a Mercian outpost at Glasbury, 4 M . W. of Hay, which was itself several
See also:miles west of Offa's Dyke . But the earliest settlement at Hay probably
See also:dates from the Norman conquest of the district by
See also:Newmarch about to88 (in which
See also:year he granted Glasbury, probably as the first fruits of his invasion, to St
See also:Gloucester) . The
See also:manor of Hay, which probably corresponded to some existing Welsh division, he gave to
See also:Philip Walwyn, but it soon reverted to the donor, and its subsequent
See also:devolution down to its
See also:forfeiture to the
See also:crown as part of the duke of
See also:estate in 1521,=was identical with that of the lordship of Brecknock (see BRECONSHIRE) .
See also:castle, which was probably built in Newmarch's
See also:time and rebuilt by his great-
See also:William de Breos, passed on the latter's
See also:attainder to the crown, but was again seized by de Breos's second son,
See also:bishop of Hereford, in 1215, and re-taken by
See also:John in the following year . In 1231 it was burnt by
See also:Llewelyn ab Iorwerth, and in the Barons' War it was taken in 1263 by
See also:Edward, but in the following year was burnt by
See also:Simon Montfort and the last Llewelyn .
FREIHERR VON AUGUST FRANZ LUDWIG MARIA HAXTHAUSEN (...
HAY (a word common in various forms to Teutonic lan...
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