See also:LESBOS, Greek logographer, flourished during the latter
See also:half of the 5th century B.C . According to Suidas, he lived for some
See also:time at the
See also:court of one of the
See also:kings of Macedon, and died at Perperene, a
See also:town on the gulf of Adr:-myttium opposite Lesbos . Some
See also:works are attributed to him—chronological,
See also:historical and episodical . Mention may be made of: The Priestesses of
See also:Hera at
See also:Argos, a
See also:chronological compilation, arranged according to the
See also:order of succession of these functionaries; the Carneonikae, a
See also:list of the victors in the Carnean
See also:games (the chief Spartan musical festival), including notices of
See also:literary events; an Atihis, giving the
See also:history of
See also:Attica from 683 to the end of the Peloponnesian War (404), which is referred to by
See also:Thucydides (i . 97), who says that he treated the events of the years 480–431 briefly and superficially, and with little regard to chronological sequence: Phoronis, chiefly genealogical, with
See also:short notices of events from the times of Phorcneus the Argive " first man " to. the return of the
See also:Heraclidae; Troica and Persica, histories of Troy and
See also:Persia . Hellanicus marks a real step in the development of historiography . He transcended the narrow
See also:local limits of the older logographers, and was not content to repeat the traditions that had gained general acceptation through the poets . He tried to give the traditions as they were locally current, and availed himself of the few
See also:national or priestly registers that presented something like contemporary
See also:registration . He endeavoured to
See also:lay the
See also:foundations of a scientific chronology, based primarily on the list of the Argive priestesses of Hera, and secondarily on genealogies, lists of magistrates (e.g. the archons at Athens), and
See also:dates, in place of the old reckoning by generations . But his materials were insufficient and he often had recourse to the older methods . On account of his deviations from
See also:common tradition, Hellanicus is often called an untrustworthy writer by the ancients themselves, and it is a curious fact that he appears to have made no systematic use of the many inscriptions which were ready to
See also:hand . Dionysius of
See also:Halicarnassus censures him for arranging his history, not according to the natural connexion of events, but according to the locality or the nation he was describing; and undoubtedly he never, like his contemporary
See also:rose to the conception of a single current of events wider than the local distinction of
See also:race .
See also:style, like that of the older logographers, was dry and bald: Fragments in
See also:Miller, Fragmenta historicorum Graecorum, i. and iv.; see among older works L . Preller, De Hellanico Lesbio historico (184o);
See also:Mare, History of Greek Literature, iv.;
See also:criticism in H . Kullmer, " Hellanikos " in Jahrbucher fur klass . Philologie (Supplementband,
See also:xxvii . 455 sqq.) (1902), which contains new edition and arrangement of fragments; C . F . Lehmann-
See also:Haupt, " Hellanikos, Herodot, Thukydides," in Klio vi . 127 sqq . (1906); J . B . Bury,
See also:Ancient Greek Historians (1909), pp . 27 sqq .
HELL (0. Eng. hel, a Teutonic word from a root mean...
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