HELMSTEDT , or more rarely Helmstedt, a
See also:town of Germany, in the duchy of
See also:Brunswick, 3o m . N.W. of
See also:Magdeburg on the
See also:line of railway to Brunswick . Pop . (1905) 15,415• The
See also:principal buildings are the Juleum, the former university, built in the
See also:style towards the close of the 16th century, and containing a library of 40,000 volumes; the
See also:fine Stephanskirche dating from the 12th century; the Walpurgiskirche restored in 1893–1894; the Marienberger Kirche, a beautiful
See also:church in the
See also:Roman style, and the Roman Catholic church . The Augustinian nunnery of
See also:Marienberg founded in 1176 is now a Lutheran school . The town contains the ruins of the
See also:Benedictine abbey of St Ludger, which was secularized in 1803 . The educational institutions include several
See also:schools . The principal manufactures are furniture,
See also:vitriol and earthenware . Near the town is
See also:Bad Helmstedt, which has an iron
See also:spring, and the Lii.bbensteine, two blocks of granite on. which sacrifices to
See also:Woden are said to have been offered . Near Bad Helmstedt a
See also:monument has been erected to those who fell in the Franco-German War; in the town there is one to those killed at
See also:Waterloo . Helmstedt originated, according to
See also:legend, in connexion with the monastery founded by Ludger or Liudger (d . 809), the first
See also:bishop of Munster .
There appears, however, little doubt that this tradition is mythical and that Helmstedt was not founded until about goo . It obtained civic rights in 1099 and, although destroyed by thearchbishop of Magdeburg in 1199, it was soon rebuilt . In 1457 it joined the Hanseatic
See also:League, and in 1490 it came into the possession of Brunswick . In 1576
See also:Julius, duke of Brunswick, founded a university here, and throughout the 17th century this was one of the chief seats of
See also:Protestant learning . It was closed by
See also:king of Westphalia, in 1809 . See Ludewig, Geschichte and Beschreibung der Stadt Helmstedt (Helmstedt, 1821) .
JEAN BAPTISTE VAN HELMONT (1577—1644)
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