HENRY , or in full, HENRYBENEDICT MARIA
See also:STUART (1725-1807), usually known as
See also:York, the last
See also:prince of the royal
See also:house of Stuart, was the younger son of
See also:James Stuart, and was
See also:born in the Palazzo Muti at Rome on the 6th of
See also:March 1725 . He was created duke of Yonk by his
See also:father soon after his
See also:birth, and by this title he was always alluded to by Jacobite adherents of his house .
See also:British visitors to Rome speak of him as a merry high-spirited boy with
See also:martial instincts; nevertheless, he
See also:grew up studious, peace-loving and serious . In
See also:order to be of assistance to his
See also:Charles, who was then campaigning in Scotland, Henry was despatched in the summer of 1745 to France, where he was placed in nominal command of French troops at Dunkirk, with which the
See also:marquis d'
See also:Argenson had some vague idea of invading England . Seven months after Charles's return from Scotland Henry secretly departed to Rome and, with the full approval of his father, but to the intense disgust of his brother, was created a cardinal deacon under the title of the cardinal of York by
See also:Pope Benedict XIV. on the 3rd of
See also:July 1747 . In the following
See also:year he was ordained
See also:priest, and nominated arch-priest of the Vatican
See also:Basilica . In 1759 he was consecrated archbishop of Corinth in. partibus, and in 1761
See also:bishop of
See also:Frascati (the
See also:Tusculum) in the
See also:Alban Hills near Rome . Six years later he was appointed
See also:vice-chancellor of the
See also:Holy See . Henry Stuart likewise held sinecure benefices in France, Spain and
See also:America, so that he became one of the wealthiest churchmen of the
See also:period, his
See also:annual revenue being said to amount to £30,000 sterling . On the
See also:death of his father, James Stuart (whose affairs be had managed during the last five years of his
See also:life), Henry made persistent attempts to induce Pope Clement XIII . .to acknowledge his brother Charles as legitimate
See also:king of
See also:Great Britain, but his efforts were defeated, chiefly through the adverse influence of Cardinal Alessandro Albani, who was bitterly opposed to the Stuart cause . On Charles's death in 1788 Henry issued a manifesto asserting his hereditary right to the British
See also:crown, and likewise struck a medal, commemorative of the event, with the
See also:legend "
See also:Hen .
IX . Mag . Brit . Fr. et Hib . Rex . Fid . Def . Card . Ep . Tusc: " (Henry the Ninth of Great Britain, France and
See also:Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, Cardinal, Bishop of Frascati) . In
See also:February 1798, at the approach of the invading French forces, Henry was forced to fly from Frascati to Naples, whence at the close of the same year he sailed to
See also:Messina . From Messina he proceeded by
See also:sea in order to be
See also:present at the expected conclave at Venice, where he arrived in the
See also:spring of 1799, aged,
See also:ill and almost penniless .
See also:plight was now made known by Cardinal Stefano Borgia to
See also:John Coxe Hippisley (d . 1825), who had formerly acted semi-officially on behalf of the British
See also:government at the
See also:court of
See also:Pius VI . Sir John Hippisley appealed to
See also:George III., who on the warm recommendation of Prince
See also:Frederick, duke of
See also:Sussex, gave orders for the annual payment of a pension of f4000 to the last of the Royal Stuarts . Henry received the proffered assistance gratefully, and in return for the king's kindness subsequently
See also:left by his will certain British crown jewels in his possession to the prince
See also:regent . In 1800 Henry was able to return to Rome, and in 1803, being now
See also:senior cardinal bishop, he became ipso facto dean of the Sacred
See also:College and bishop of
See also:Ostia and
See also:Velletri . He died at Frascati on the 13th of July 1807, and was buried in the Grotte Vaticane of St
See also:Peter's in an
See also:urn bearing the title of " Henry IX."; he is also commemorated in
See also:Canova's well-known
See also:monument to the Royal Stuarts (see JAMES) . The Stuart archives, once the
See also:property of Cardinal York, were subsequently presented by Pope Pius VII. to the prince regent, who placed them in the royal library at Windsor
See also:Castle . See B . W .
See also:Kelly . Life of Cardinal York; H . M .
See also:Vaughan, Last of the Royal Stuarts; and A .
See also:Shield, Henry Stuart, Cardinal of York, and his Times (1908) . (I1 . M .
HENRIETTA MARIA (1609-1666)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.