Online Encyclopedia

HENRY BEAUFORT (1436—1464)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 586 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HENRY BEAUFORT (1436—1464) became duke of Somerset in 1455, and soon began to take part in the struggle against Richard, duke of York, but failed to dislodge Richard's ally, Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, from Calais. He took part in the victory of the Lancastrians at Wakefield in 146o, escaped from the carnage at Tow ton in 1461, and shared the attainder of Henry VI. in the same year. In May 1464 he was captured at Hexham and was beheaded immediately after the battle. The title of duke of Somerset was assumed by his brother, EDMUND BEAUFORT (c. 1438—1471), who fled from the country after the disasters to the Lancastrian arms, but returned to England in 1471, in which year he fought at Tewkesbury, and in spite of a promise of pardon was beheaded after the battle on the 6th of May 1471. His younger brother JoHN BEAUFORT had been killed probably at this battle, and so on the execution of Edmund the family became extinct.
End of Article: HENRY BEAUFORT (1436—1464)
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