Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 304 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HENZADA, a district of Lower Burma, formerly in the Pegu, but now in the Irrawaddy division. Area, 2870 sq. m. Pop. (1901) 484,558. It stretches from north to south in one vast plain, forming the valley of the Irrawaddy, and is divided by that river into two nearly equal portions. This country is protected from inundation by immense embankments, so that almost the whole area is suitable for rice cultivation. The chief mountains are the Arakan and Pegu Yoma ranges. The greatest elevation of the Arakan Yomas in Henzada, attained in the latitude of Myan-aung, is 4003 ft. above sea-level. Numerous torrents pour down from the two boundary ranges, and unite in the plains to form large streams, which fall into the chief streams of the district, which are the Irrawaddy, Hlaing and Bassein, all of them branches of the Irrawaddy. The forests comprise almost every variety of timber found in Burma. The bulk of the cultivation is rice, but a number of acres are under tobacco. The chief town of the district is HENZADA, which had in 1901 a population of 24,756. It is a municipal town, with ten elective and three ex-officio members. Other municipal towns in the district are Zalun, with a population of 6642; Myan-aung, with a population of 6351; and Kyangin, with a population of 7183, according to the 190r census. The town of Lemyethna had a population of 5831. The steamers of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company call at Henzada and Myan-aung. The district was once a portion of the Talaing kingdom of Pegu, afterwards annexed to the Burmese empire in 1753; and has no history of its own. During the second Burmese war, after Prome had been seized, the Burmese on the right bank of the Irrawaddy crossed the river and offered resistance to the British, but were completely routed. Meanwhile, in Tharawaddy, or the country east of the Irrawaddy, and in the south of Henzada, much disorder was caused by a revolt, the leaders of which were, however, defeated by the British and their gangs dispersed.
End of Article: HENZADA
SIR JOHN HEPBURN (c. 1598-1636)

Additional information and Comments

There ia an article namely " Yazawin Htae Ka Hinthata ( Henzada In The History )" mentioned in a Magazine called " Golden Jubilee Magazine , State High School No. -1 , Hinthata (Henzada)" issued officially in December, 2003 ,prescribes the historical events and records about Henzada.Author is Dr. Aung Win Maung who is an amateaur historical lover.He has collected so many documents and records concerning with Henzada. to contact him- Dr. Aung Win Maung
Hi! When I accidentally saw this article 2 days ago, I was so suprised and so pleased that my native town Henzada( now Hinthata) , my High School S.H.S No.-1,Henzada and my name were mentioned in online Encyclopedia ( Is it Encyclopedia Britainnica ?). Yes, as mentioned in that article,I am a amateur history lover and my hobby is visiting Historical Places, reading historical books and collecting historical materials/ photos. Thanks so much my dear who uploaded this article online.May I know how could I wish you directly. Henzada district is mainly valley between Irrawaddy River and Araken Mountain. But one and only high point is AKauk Taung ( AKauk Hill} ( Akauk means Tax or Custom Duty),situated at the north most point of Henzada District, in Kyan Kin township.AKauk Taung has so many interesting things such as- 1. The northern most territory on ancient Mon kingdom( upto 1753). 2.Its closely northern territory is Prome District,Pegu Division.So it is a land mark of Henzada District northern border. 3.Many battles between Burma Resistance Force and British Army during 2nd Anglo-Burmese War,1852. 4.Toll Gate of Burmese Custom Officers, and then of English and Burmese custom officers upon trade and passenger boats travelling between up and lower country. 5.So many beautiful and well done hand made - stone scripted Buddha Images along the wall on the Hill facing toward Irrawaddy River. I visited that place last December ( 20th Dec:2010),THE 158th ANNIVERSARY DATE OF PROCLAMATION OF ANNEXING LOWER BURMA INCLUDING HENZADA DISTRICT AS PART OF BRITISH EMPIRE. Thanks and Best Wishes. Dr.Aung Win Maung 16th Jan: 2011. ,
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