See also:Thirty Years' War, was a son of
See also:Hepburn of Athelstaneford near Haddington . In 162o and in the following years he served in Bohemia, on the
See also:lower Rhine and in the
See also:Netherlands, and in 1623 he entered the service of Gustavus
See also:Adolphus, who, two years later, appointed him colonel of a Scottish regiment of his army . He took
See also:part with his regiment in Gustavus's
See also:wars, and in 1631, a few months before the
See also:battle of
See also:Breitenfeld he was placed in command of the " Scots " or "
See also:Green "
See also:brigade of the
See also:Swedish army . At Breitenfeld it was . Hepburn's brigade which delivered the decisive stroke, and after this he remained with the
See also:king, who placed the fullest reliance on his skill and courage, until the battle of the Alte Veste near
See also:Nuremberg . He then entered the French service, and raised two thousand men in Scotland for the French army, to which force was added in France the historic Scottish
See also:archer bodyguard of the French
See also:kings . The existing Royal Scots (
See also:Lothian) regiment (
See also:late 1st
See also:Foot) represents in the
See also:British army of to-
See also:day Hepburn's French regiment, and indirectly, through the amalgamation referred to, the Scottish contingent of the
See also:Hundred Years' War . Hepburn's claim to the right of the
See also:line of battle was bitterly resented by the
See also:senior French regiments . Shortly after this, in 1633, Hepburn was under a marechal de
See also:camp, and he took part in the
See also:campaigns in
See also:Alsace and
See also:Lorraine (1634-36) . In 1635 Bernhard of Saxe-
See also:Weimar, on entering the French service, brought with him Hepburn's former Swedish regiment, which was at once amalgamated with the French " regiment d'
See also:Hebron," the latter thus attaining the unusual strength of 8300 men .
See also:John Hepburn was killed shortly afterwards during the
See also:siege of Saverne (
See also:Zabern) on the 8th of
See also:July 1636 . He was buried in
See also:cathedral .
With his friend SirRobert
See also:Monro, Hepburn was the foremost of the Scottish soldiers of
See also:fortune who
See also:bore so conspicuous a part in the Thirty Years' War . He was a sincere
See also:Roman Catholic . It is stated that he
See also:left Gustavus owing to a jest about his religion, and at any
See also:rate he found in the French service, in which he ended his days, the opportunity of reconciling his beliefs with the
See also:desire of military
See also:glory which had led him into the Swedish army, and with the patriotic feeling which had first brought him out to the wars to fight for the
See also:Stuart princess,
See also:Elizabeth of Bohemia . See
See also:Memoirs of Sir John Hepburn .
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