Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 364 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: it!
HERIOT, by derivation the arms and equipment (geatwa) of a soldier or army (here) ; the O. Eng. word is thus here-geatwa. The lord of a fee provided his tenant with arms and a horse, either as a gift or loan, which he was to use in the military service paid by him. On the death of the tenant the lord claimed the return of the equipment. When by the loth century land was being given instead of arms, the heriot was still paid, but more in the nature of a " relief " (q.v.). There seems to have been some connexion between the payment of the heriot and the power of making a will (F. W. Maitland, Domesday Book and Beyond, p. 298). By the 13th century the payment was made either in money or in kind by the handing over of the best beast or of the best other chattel of the tenant (see Pollock and Maitland, History of English Law, i. 270 sq.). For the manorial law relating to heriots, see CoPYxo1.D.
End of Article: HERIOT
GEORGE HERIOT (1563-1623)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.