Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 366 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HERMAN DE VALENCIENNES, 12th-century French poet, was born at Valenciennes, of good parentage. His father and mother, Robert and Herembourg, belonged to Hainault, and gave him for god-parents Count Baldwin and Countess Yolanddoubtless Baldwin IV. of Hainault and his mother Yoland. Herman was a priest and the author of a verse Histoire de la Bible, which includes a separate poem on the Assumption of the Virgin. The work is generally known as Le Roman de sapience, the name arising from a copyist's error in the first line of the poem: " Comens de sapiense, ce est la cremors de Deu the first word being miswritten in one MS. Romens, and in another Romanz. His work has, indeed, the form of an ordinary romance, and cannot be regarded as a translation. He selects such stories from the Bible as suit his purpose, and adds freely from legendary sources, displaying considerable art in the selection and use of his materials. This scriptural poem, very popular in its day, mentions Henry II. of England as already dead, and must therefore be assigned to a date posterior to 1189. See Notices et extraits des manuscrits (Paris, vol. 34), and" Jean Bonnard, Les Traductions de la Bible en vers frangais au moyen age (1884).
HERMANDAD (from hermano, Lat. germanus, a brother)

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