GEORG HERMES (1775-1831) ,German
See also:Roman Catholic theologian, was
See also:born on the 22nd of
See also:April 1775, at Dreyerwalde, in Westphalia, and was educated at the gymnasium and university of Munster, in both of which institutions he afterwardstaught . In 182o he was appointed
See also:professor of
See also:theology at
See also:Bonn, where he died on the 26th of May 1831 . Hermes had a devoted
See also:band of adherents, of whom the most notable was
See also:Peter Josef Elvenich (1796-1886), who became professor at
See also:Breslau in 1829, and in 187o threw in his lot with the Old Catholic
See also:movement . His
See also:works were Untersuchungen fiber die inhere Wahrheit
See also:des Christenthums (Munster, 18o5), and Einleitung in die christkatholische Theologie, of which the first
See also:part, a philosophical introduction, was published in 1819, the second part, on
See also:positive theology, in.1829 . The Einleitung was never completed . His Christkatholische Dogmatik was published, from his lectures, after his
See also:death by two of his students, Achterfeld and Braun (3 vols., 1831—1834) . The Einleitung is a remarkable
See also:work, both in itself and in its effect upon Catholic theology in Germany . Few works of
See also:modern times have excited a more keen and bitter controversy . Hermes himself was very largely under the influence of the Kantian and Fichtean ideas, and though in the philosophical portion of his Einleitung he criticizes both these thinkers severely, rejects their
See also:doctrine of the moral
See also:law as the
See also:guarantee for the existence of
See also:God, and condemns their restricted view of the possibility and nature of
See also:revelation, enough remained of purely speculative material to render his
See also:system obnoxious to his
See also:church . After his death, the contests between his followers and their opponents
See also:grew so bitter that the dispute was referred to the papal see . The
See also:judgment was adverse, and on the 25th of
See also:September 1835 a papal bull condemned both parts of the Einleitung and the first
See also:volume of the Dogmatik . Two months later the remaining volumes of the Dogmatik were likewise condemned .
The controversy did not cease, and in 1845 a systematicattempt was made anonymously by F . X .
See also:Werner to examine and refute the Hermesian doctrines, as contrasted with the orthodox Catholic faith (Der Hermesianismus, 1845) . In 1847 the condemnation of 1835 was confirmed by
See also:Pius IX . See K . Werner, Geschichte der katholischen Theologie (1866), pp . 4.05 sqq .
HERMES TRISMEGISTUS (" the thrice greatest Hermes "...
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