Online Encyclopedia

HELIUS EOBANUS HESSUS (1488-1540)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 414 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!

HELIUS EOBANUS

HESSUS (1488-1540)  , German Latin poet, was born at Halgehausen in Hesse-Cassel, on the 6th of
See also:
January 1488 . His
See also:
family name is said to have been Koch; Eoban was the name of a
See also:
local saint; Hessus indicates the
See also:
land of his birth, Helius the fact that he was born on
See also:
Sunday . In 1504 he entered the university of
See also:
Erfurt, and soon after his graduation was appointed rector of the school of St Severus . This
See also:
post he soon lost, and spent the years 1509-1513 at the court of the bishop of Riesenburg . Returning to Erfurt, he was reduced to
See also:
great straits owing to his drunken and irregular habits . At length (in 1517) he was appointed professor of Latin in the university . He was prominently associated with the distinguished men of the time (Johann Reuchlin, Conrad Peutinger,
See also:
Ulrich von Hutten, Conrad Mutianus), and took
See also:
part in the
See also:
political, religious and
See also:
literary quarrels of the period, finally declaring in favour of Luther and the Reformation, although his subsequent conduct showed that he was actuated by selfish motives . The university was seriously weakened by the growing popularity of the new university of
See also:
Wittenberg, and Hessus endeavoured (but without success) to gain a living by the practice of
See also:
medicine . Through the influence of Camerarius and Melanchthon, he obtained a post at Nuremberg (1526), but, finding a
See also:
regular
See also:
life distasteful, he again went back to Erfurt (1533)• But it was not the Erfurt he had known; his old friends were dead or had
See also:
left the place; the university was deserted . A lengthy poem gained him the favour of the landgrave of Hesse, by whom he was summoned in 1536 as professor of
See also:
poetry and
See also:
history to Marburg, where he died on the sth of
See also:
October 1540 . Hessus, who was considered the foremost Latin poet of his age, was a facile verse-maker, but not a true poet . He wrote what be thought was likely to pay or secure him the favour of some important person .

He wrote local,

See also:
historical and military poems, idylls, epigrams and occasional pieces, collected under the title of Sylvae . His most popular
See also:
works were
See also:
translations of the Psalms into Latin distichs (which reached
See also:
forty
See also:
editions) and of the Iliad into hexameters . His mcst
See also:
original poem was the Heroides in imitation of Ovid, consisting of letters from
See also:
holy
See also:
women, from the Virgin Mary down to Kunigunde, wife of the emperor Henry H . His Epistolae were edited by his friend Camerarius, who also wrote his life (1553) . There are later accounts of him by M . Hertz (1860), G . Schwertzell (1874) and C . Krause (1879); see also D . F . Strauss, Ulrich von Hutten (Eng. trans., 1874) . His poems on Nuremberg and other towns have been edited with commentaries and 16th-century illustrations by J . Neff and V. von Loga in M .

Herrmann and S . Szamatolski's Lateinische Literaturdenkmdler

See also:
des X V. u . X VI . Jakrhunderts (Berlin, 1896) .

End of Article: HELIUS EOBANUS HESSUS (1488-1540)
[back]
HESSIAN
[next]
HESTIA

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.