Online Encyclopedia

HINTERLAND (German for " the land beh...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 515 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HINTERLAND (German for " the land behind "), the region lying behind a coast or river line, or a country dependent for trade or commerce on any other region. In the purely physical sense " interior " on " back country " is more commonly used, but the word has gained a distinct political significance. It first came into prominence during 1883–1885, when Germany insisted that she had a right to exercise jurisdiction in the territory behind those parts of the African coast that she had occupied. The " doctrine of the hinterland " was that the possessor of the littoral was entitled to as much of the back country as geographically, economically or politically was dependent upon the coast lands, a doctrine which, in the space of ten years, led to the partition of Africa between various European powers.
End of Article: HINTERLAND (German for " the land behind ")
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PAUL HINSCHIUS (1835–1898)
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