HIT , a
See also:town of
See also:Turkey, in the vilayet of
See also:Bagdad, on the west
See also:bank of the
See also:Euphrates, 70 M . W.N.W. of Bagdad, in 330 38' 8" N., 42° 52' 15" E . It is picturesquely situated on a
See also:line of hills, partly natural, but in large
See also:part certainly artificial, the accumulation of centuries of former habitation, from 30 to 100 ft. in height, bordering the
See also:river . The houses are built of
See also:field stones and mud . A striking feature of the town is a lofty and well-proportioned
See also:minaret, which leans quite perceptibly . Behind and around Hit is an extensive but utterly barren plain, through which flow several streams of bitter
See also:water, coming from
See also:mineral springs . Directly behind the town are two
See also:bitumen springs, one
See also:cold and one hot, within 30 ft. of one another . The
See also:gypsum cliffs on the edge of the plain, and the rocks which
See also:crop out here and there in the plain, are full of seams of bitumen, and the whole place is redolent of sulphuretted hydrogen . Across the river there are
See also:naphtha springs . Indeed, the entire region is one possessing
See also:great potential
See also:wealth in mineral oils and the like . Hit, with its fringe of palms, is like an
See also:oasis in the
See also:desert occasioned by the outcrop of these deposits . From
See also:time immemorial it has been the chief source of supply of bitumen for Babylonia, the prosperity of the town depending always upon its bitumen fountains, which are still the
See also:property of the
See also:government, but are rented out to any one who wishes to use them .
There is also a shipyard at Hit, where the characteristic Babylonian boats are still made, smeared within and without with bitumen . Hit is the
See also:head of navigation on the Euphrates . It is also the point from which the camel-
See also:post starts across the desert to
See also:Damascus . About 8 m. inland from Hit, on a bitter stream, lies the small town of Kubeitha . Hit is mentioned, under the name of Ist, in the
See also:Karnak inscription as paying tribute to Tethmosis (Thothmes) III . In the Bible (
See also:Ezra viii . 15) it is called Ahava; the
See also:original Babylonian name seems to have been Ihi, which becomes in the
See also:Talmud Ihidakira, in
See also:Ptolemy Ibttapa, and in
See also:Zosimus and
See also:Ammianus DaKipa and Diacira . See Geo .
See also:Rawlinson's Ilerodotus, i . 179, and note by H . C . Rawlinson; J .
See also:Nippur (1897); H . V . Geere, By Nile and Euphrates (190}}) . (J . P .
HISTORY OF THE BRITISH
GINES PEREZ DE HITA (1544?-16o5?)
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