See also:fief, and indicating the submission of a vassal to his
See also:lord . It could be received only by the suzerain in
See also:person . With
See also:head uncovered the vassal humbly requested to be allowed to enter into the feudal relation; he then laid aside his sword and spurs, ungirt his
See also:belt, and kneeling before his lord, and holding his hands extended and joined between the hands of his lord, uttered words to this effect: " I become your man from this
See also:day forth, of
See also:life and
See also:limb, and will hold faith to you for the lands I claim to hold of you." The
See also:oath of fealty, which could be received by
See also:proxy, followed the
See also:act of homage; then came the ceremony of
See also:investiture, either directly on the ground or by the delivery of a
See also:turf, a handful of
See also:earth, a
See also:stone, or some other symbolical
See also:object . Homage was done not only by the vassal to whom feudal lands were first granted but by every one in turn by whom they were inherited, since they were not granted absolutely but only on
See also:condition of military and other service . An
See also:infant might do homage, but he did not thus enter into full possession of his lands . The ceremony was of a preliminary nature, securing that the fief would not be alienated; but the vassal had to take the oath of fealty, and to be formally invested, when he reached his majority . The obligations involved in the act of homage were more general than those associated with the oath of fealty, but they provided a strong moral sanction for more specific engagements . They essentially resembled the obligations undertaken towards a Teutonic chief by the members of his " comitatus " or " gefolge," one of the institutions from which feudalism directly sprang . Besides homagium ligeum, there was a kind of homage which imposed no feudal
See also:duty; this was homagium per paragium, such as the dukes of
See also:Normandy rendered to the
See also:kings of France, and as the dukes of Normandy received from the dukes of
See also:Brittany . The act of liege homage to a particular lord did not interfere with the vassal's
See also:allegiance as a subject to his
See also:sovereign, or with his duty to any other suzerain of whom he might hold lands . The word is also used of the
See also:body of tenants attending a manorial
See also:court, or of the court in a court baron (consisting of the tenants that do homage and make inquiries and presentments, termed a homage
See also:jury) .
HOLZTROMPETE (Wooden Trumpet)
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