See also:JOHN (1722-1808), Scottish dramatic poet, was
See also:born on the 22nd of
See also:September 1722 at
See also:Leith, where his
See also:Alexander Home, who was distantly related to the earls of Home, filled the
See also:office of
See also:town-clerk . He was educated at the grammar school of his native town, and at the university of
See also:Edinburgh, where he graduated M.A. in 1742 . Though he showed a fondness for the profession of arms, he studied divinity, and was licensed by the
See also:presbytery of Edinburgh in 1745 . In the same
See also:year he joined as a volunteer against the Pretender, and was taken prisoner at the
See also:battle of
See also:Falkirk (1746) . With many others he was carried to the
See also:castle of
See also:Doune in
See also:Perthshire, but soon effected his
See also:escape . In
See also:July 1746 Home was presented to the
See also:parish of Athelstaneford,
See also:Haddingtonshire, vacant by the
See also:death of Robert
See also:Blair, the author of The
See also:Grave . He had leisure to visit his friends and became especially intimate with
See also:David Hume who belonged to the same
See also:family as himself . His first
See also:Agis: a tragedy, founded on Plutarch's narrative, was finished in 1747 . He took it to
See also:London and submitted it to
See also:Garrick for
See also:representation at
See also:Drury Lane, but it was rejected as unsuitable for the stage . The tragedy of
See also:Douglas was suggested to him by
See also:hearing a
See also:lady sing the ballad of Gil Morrice or
See also:Maurice (F . J .
See also:Ballads, ii . 263) . The ballad supplied him with the outline of a
See also:simple and striking plot . After five years' labour he completed his play, which he took to London for Garrick's opinion . It also was rejected, but on his return to Edinburgh his friends resolved that it should be brought out in that city . It was produced on the 14th of
See also:December 1756 with overwhelming success, in spite of the opposition of the presbytery, who summoned Alexander Carlyle to answer for having attended its representation . Home wisely resigned his
See also:charge in 1757, after a visit to London, where Douglas was brought out at Covent
See also:Garden on the 14th of
See also:March . Peg Woffington played Lady
See also:Randolph, a
See also:part which found a later exponent in Mrs
See also:Siddons . David Hume summed up his admiration for Douglas by saying that his friend possessed " the true theatric
See also:genius of
See also:Shakespeare and
See also:Otway, refined from the unhappy barbarism of the one and licentiousness of the other."
See also:Gray, writing to Horace Walpole (
See also:August, 1757), said that the author " seemed to have retrieved the true language of the stage, which has been lost for these
See also:hundred years," but
See also:Johnson held aloof from the general
See also:enthusiasm, and averred that there were not ten
See also:good lines in the whole play (
See also:Life, ed . Croker, 1848, p . 300) . In 1758 Home became private secretary to
See also:Lord Bute, then secretary of state, and was appointed tutor to the
See also:prince of
See also:Wales; and in 1760 his
See also:patron's influence procured him a pension of £300 per annum and in 1763 a sinecure worth another £goo .
Garrick produced Agis at Drury Lane on the 21st of
See also:February 1758 . By dint of good acting and powerful support, according to Genest (
See also:Short Account Sc., iv . 513 seq.), the piece kept the stage for eleven days, but it was lamentably inferior to Douglas . In 176o his tragedy, The
See also:Siege of .lquileia, was put on the stage, Garrick taking the part of Aemilius . In 1769 his tragedy of- The Fatal
See also:Discovery had a run of nine nights; Alonzo also (1773) had
See also:fair success in the representation; but his last tragedy,
See also:Alfred (1778), was so coolly received that he gave up writing for the stage . In 1778 he joined a regiment formed by the duke of
See also:Buccleuch . He sustained severe injuries in a fall from horseback which permanently affected his
See also:brain, and was persuaded by his friends to retire . From 1767 he resided either at Edinburgh or at a
See also:villa which he built at Kilduff near his former parish . It was at this
See also:time that he wrote his
See also:History of the
See also:Rebellion of 1745, which appeared in 1802 . Home died at Merchistnn
See also:Bank, near Edinburgh, on the 5th of September 18o8, in his eighty-
See also:sixth year . The
See also:Works of John Home were collected and published by
See also:Mackenzie in 1822 with " An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr John Home," which also appeared separately in the same year, but several of his smaller poems seem to have escaped the editor's observation . These are—" The
See also:Fate of Caesar," " Verses upon
See also:Inveraray,' "
See also:Epistle to the
See also:Earl of Eglintoun," "Prologue on the Birthday of the Prince of Wales, 1759 " and several " Epigrams," which are printed in vol. ii. of
See also:Original Poems by Scottish Gentlemen (1762) .
See also:Sir W .
See also:Scott, "The Life and Works of John Home" in the Quarterly Review (
See also:June, 1827) . Douglas is included in numerous collections of
See also:British drama . Voltaire published his Le Caffe, au l'Ecossaise (176o), Londres (really
See also:Geneva), as a
See also:translation from the
See also:work of Mr Hume, described as
See also:pasteur de l'eglise d'Edimbourg, but Home seems to have taken no
See also:notice of the mystification .
HOMAGE (from homo, through the Low Lat. hominaticum...
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