See also:American soldier, lieut.-general of the Confederate army, was
See also:born at Owingsville,
See also:Kentucky, in 1831, and graduated from West Point military academy in 1853 . As an officer of the 2nd U.S.
See also:cavalry (Colonel
See also:Johnston) he saw service against
See also:Indians, and later he was cavalry instructor at West Point . He resigned from the U.S. service in 1861, and became a colonel in the Confederate army . He was soon promoted brigadier-general, and at the
See also:battle of Gaines's
See also:Mill, where he was wounded, won the brevet of major-general for his gallant conduct . With the famous "
See also:brigade " of the Army of
See also:Northern Virginia he served throughout the
See also:campaign of 1862 . At
See also:Gettysburg he commanded one of the divisions of
See also:corps, receiving a
See also:wound which disabled his
See also:arm . With Longstreet he was transferred in the autumn of 1863 to the Army of
See also:Tennessee . At the battle of Chickamauga (
See also:September l9th, 2oth)
See also:Hood was severely wounded again and his
See also:leg was amputated, but after six months he returned to
See also:duty undaunted . He remained with the Army of Tennessee as a corps
See also:commander, and when the general dissatisfaction with the
See also:Fabian policy of General J . E . Johnston brought about the removal of that officer, Hood was put in his place with the temporary
See also:rank of general . He had won a
See also:great reputation as a fighting general, and it was with the distinct understanding that battles were to be fought that he was placed at the
See also:head of the Army of Tennessee .
But in spite of skill and courage he was uniformly unsuccessful in the battles around
See also:Atlanta . In the end he had to abandon the place, but he forthwith sought to attack Sherman in another direction, and finally invaded Tennessee . His
See also:march was pushed with the greatest energy, but he failed to draw the
See also:body of the enemy after him, and, while Sherman with a picked force made his " March to the
See also:Thomas collected an army to oppose Hood . A severe battle was fought at
See also:Franklin on the 3oth of
See also:November, and finally
See also:Flood was defeated and his army almost annihilated in the battle of
See also:Nashville . He was then relieved at his own
See also:request (
See also:January 23rd, 1865) . After the war he was engaged in business in New
See also:Orleans, where he died of yellow fever on the 3oth of
See also:August 1879 . His experiences in the
See also:Civil War are narrated in his Advance and Retreat (New Orleans, 188o) . Hood's reputation as a bold and energetic
See also:leader was well deserved, though his reckless vigour proved but a poor substitute for Johnston's careful husbanding of his strength at this declining stage of the Confederacy .
VISCOUNT SAMUEL HOOD HOOD (1724–1816)
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