See also:English botanist, was
See also:born at Norwich on the 6th of
See also:July 1785 . His
See also:Hooker of Exeter, a member of the same
See also:family as the celebrated
See also:Richard Hooker, devoted much of his timeto the study of German literature and the cultivation of curious
See also:plants . The son was educated at the high school of Norwich, on leaving which his
See also:independent means enabled him to travel and to take up as a recreation the study of natural
See also:history, especially
See also:ornithology and entomology . He subsequently
See also:con-fined his
See also:attention to botany, on the recommendation of
See also:James E .
See also:Smith, whom he had consulted respecting a rare
See also:moss . His first botanical expedition was made in
See also:Iceland, in the summer of 1809, at the
See also:suggestion of Sir Joseph
See also:Banks; but the natural history specimens which he collected, with his notes and drawings, were lost on the homeward voyage through the burning of the
See also:ship, and the
See also:young botanist himself had a narrow
See also:escape with his
See also:life . A
See also:good memory, however, aided him to publish an account of the
See also:island, and of its in- habitants and
See also:flora (Tour in Iceland, 18o9), privately circulated in 1811, and reprinted in 1813 . In 18ro–1811 he made extensive preparations, and sacrifices which proved financially serious, with a view to accompany Sir R . Brownrigg to
See also:Ceylon, but the disturbed state of the island led to the
See also:abandonment of the projected expedition . In 1814 he spent nine months in botanizing excursions in France,
See also:Switzerland and
See also:northern Italy, and in the following
See also:year he married the eldest daughter of Mr Dawson
See also:Turner, banker, of Yarmouth . Settling at Halesworth,
See also:Suffolk, he devoted himself to the formation of his
See also:herbarium, which became of
See also:world-wide renown among botanists . In 1816 appeared the
See also:British Jungermanniae, his first scientific
See also:work, which was succeeded by a new edition of
See also:William Curtis's Flora Londinensis, for which he wrote the descriptions (1817–'8.28); by a description of the Plantae cryptogamicae of A. von Humboldt and A .
Bonpiand; by the Muscologia Britannica, a very
See also:complete account of the mosses of
See also:Great Britain and
See also:Ireland, prepared in conjunction with Dr T .
See also:Taylor (1818); and by his Musci exotici (2 vols., 1818–182o), devoted to new
See also:foreign mosses and other cryptogamic plants . In 182o he accepted the regius professorship of botany in
See also:Glasgow University where he soon became popular as a lecturer, his
See also:style being both clear and ready . The following year he brought out the Flora Scotica, in which the natural method of arrangement of British plants was given with the artificial . Subsequently he pre-pared or edited many
See also:works, the more important being the following: Botanical Illustrations (1822) ; Exotic Flora, indicating such of the specimens as are deserving cultivation (3 vols., 1822–1827) ; Account of
See also:Sabine's Arctic Plants (1824);
See also:Catalogue of Plants in the Glasgow Botanic
See also:Garden (1825) ; the Botany of
See also:Parry's Third Voyage (1826) ; The Botanical
See also:Magazine (38 vols., 1827–1865) ; Icones Filicum, in concert with Dr R . K . Greville (2 vols., 1829–1831); British Flora, of which several
See also:editions appeared, undertaken with Dr G . A . W .
See also:Arnott, &c . (1830) ; British Flora Cryptogamia (1833) ; Characters of Genera from the British Flora (183o) ; Flora Boreali-Americana (2 vols., 184o), being the botany of British
See also:America collected in Sir J .
See also:Franklin's voyage; The Journal of Botany (4 vols., 1830—1842) ;
See also:Companion to the Botanical Magazine (2 vols., 1835–1836) ; Icones plantarum (to vols., 1837–1854); the Botany of Beechey's Voyage to the Pacific and Behring's Straits (with Dr Arnott, 1841); the Genera Filicum (1842), from the
See also:original coloured drawings of F .
See also:Bauer, with additions and descriptive letterpress; The
See also:London Journal of Botany (7 vols., 1842–1848) ; Notes on the Botany of the
See also:Antarctic Voyage of the
See also:Erebus and Terror (1843) ;
See also:Species falicum (5 vols., 1846-1864), the standard work on this subject; A Century of Orchideae (1846); Journal of Botany and
See also:Kew Garden
See also:Miscellany (9 vols., 1849–1857) Niger Flora (1849) ;
See also:Victoria Regia (1851) ; Museums of Economic Botany at Kew (1855); Filices exoticae (1857–1859); The British Ferns (1861–1862); A Century of Ferns (1854); A Second Century of Ferns (186o–1861) . It was mainly by Hooker's exertions that botanists were appointed to the
See also:government expeditions . While his works were in progress his herbarium received large and valuable additions from all parts of the globe, and his position as a botanist was thus vastly improved . He was made a knight of Hanover in 1836 and in 1841 he was appointed director of the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew, on the resignation of W . T .
See also:Aiton . Under his direction the gardens
See also:expanded from 1r to 75 acres, with an
See also:arboretum of 270 acres, many new
See also:glass-houses were erected, and a museum of economic botany was established . He was engaged on the Synopsis fi-licum,with J . G .
See also:Baker when he was attacked by a
See also:throat disease then epidemic at Kew, where he died on the 12th of
See also:August 1865 .
SIR JOSEPH DALTON HOOKER (1817— English botanist ...
THOMAS HOOKER (1586–1647)
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