See also:admiral of the
See also:United States
See also:navy, was
See also:born at Scituate, Rhode
See also:Island, in 1718 . He belonged to one of the most prominent Puritan families of New England . At the age of twenty he went to
See also:sea, and rapidly came to the front as a
See also:good sailor and skilful trader . Marrying, three years later, into a prosperous
See also:family of
See also:Newport, and thus increasing his influence in Rhode Island, he became commodore of a
See also:fleet of seventeen merchantmen, the movements of which he directed with skill and energy . In war as well as peace,
See also:Hopkins was establishing his reputation as one of the leading colonial
See also:seamen, for as captain of a
See also:privateer he made more than one brilliant and successful venture during the Seven Years' War. in the
See also:interval between voyages, moreover, he was engaged in Rhode Island politics, and rendered efficient support to his
See also:Stephen against the
See also:faction . At the outbreak of the War of Independence, Hopkins was appointed brigadier-general by Rhode Island, was commissioned,
See also:December 1775, by the
See also:Continental Congress,
See also:commander-in-chief of the navy, and in
See also:January 1776 hoisted his
See also:flag as admiral of the eight converted merchantmen which then constituted the navy of the United States . His first cruise resulted in a
See also:great acquisition of material of war and an indecisive fight with H.M.S . "
See also:Glasgow." At first this created great
See also:enthusiasm, but
See also:criticism soon made itself heard . Hopkins and two of his captains were tried for
See also:breach of orders, and, though ably defended by
See also:Adams, were censured by Congress . The commands, nevertheless, were not interfered with, and a prize was soon afterwards named after the admiral by their orders . But the difficulties and mutual distrust continually increased, and in 1777 Congress summarily dismissed Hopkins from his command, on the complaint of some of his
See also:officers . Before the
See also:order arrived, the admiral had detected the
See also:conspiracy against him, and had had the ringleaders tried and degraded by
See also:martial .
But the Congress followed up its order by dismissing him from the navy . For the
See also:rest of his
See also:life he lived in Rhode Island, playing a prominent
See also:part in state politics, and he died at
See also:Providence in 1802 . See
See also:Field, Life of Esek Hopkins (Providence, 1898) ; also an article by R . Grieve in the New England
See also:Magazine of
See also:November 1897 .
EDWARD WASHBURN HOPKINS (1857— )
MARK HOPKINS (1802—1887)
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