See also:species of animals, constituting what are known as horns, embrace substances which are, in their anatomical structure and chemical composition, quite distinct from each other; and although in commerce also they are known indiscriminately as
See also:horn, their uses are altogether dissimilar . These differences in structure and properties were thus indicated by
See also:Sir R .
See also:Owen:—" The weapons to which the
See also:term horn is properly or technically applied consist of very different substances, and belong to two organic systems, as distinct from each other as both are from the teeth . Thus the horns of
See also:deer consist of
See also:bone, and are processes of the frontal bone; those of the
See also:giraffe are
See also:independent bones or ` epiphyses' covered by hairy skin; those of oxen,
See also:sheep and antelopes are ` apophyses' of the frontal bone, covered by the corium and by a sheath of true horny material; those of the prong-horned
See also:antelope consist at their basis of bony processes covered by hairy skin, and are covered by horny sheaths in the
See also:rest of their extent . They thus combine the character of those of the giraffe and ordinary antelope, together with the
See also:expanded and branched
See also:form of the antlers of deer . Only the horns of the
See also:rhinoceros are composed wholly of horny
See also:matter, and this is disposed in
See also:fibres, so that the horns seem rather to consist of coarse bristles compactly matted together in the form of a more or less elongated sub-compressed
See also:cone." True horny matter is really a modified form of epidermic tissue, and consists of the albuminoid " keratin." It forms, not only the horns of the ox tribe, but also the hoofs, claws or nails of animals generally, the carapace of the tortoises and the armadilloes, the scales of the
See also:pangolin, porcupine quills, and birds' feathers, &c . Horn is employed in the manufacture of combs, buttons, the handles of walking-sticks, umbrellas, and knives, drinking-cups, spoons of various kinds,
See also:snuff-boxes, &c . In former times it was applied to several uses for which it is no longer required, although such applications have
See also:left their traces in the language . Thus the musical
See also:instruments and
See also:fog signals known as horns indicate their descent from earlier and simpler forms of apparatus made from horn . In the same way powder-horns were spoken of long after they ceased to be made of that substance; to a small extent lanterns still continue to be " glazed " with thin trans-
See also:parent plates of horn .
HORN (Lat. cornu; corresponding terms being Fr. cor...
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.