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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 828 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ARSINE HOUSSAYE (1815-1896), French novelist, poet and man of letters, was born at Bruyeres (Aisne), near Lao; on the 28th of March 1815. His real surname was Housset. In 1832 he found his way to Paris, and in 1836 he published two novels, La Couronne de bluets and La Pecheresse. He had many friends in Paris, among them Jules Janin and Theophile' Gautier, and he wrote in collaboration with Jules Sandeau. He produced art 'criticism in L'Histoire de la peinture flamande et hollandaise (1846); semi-historical sketches in Mlle de la Valliere et Mme de Montespan (186o) and Galerie de portraits du X VIP siecle (1844); literary criticism in Le Rai Voltaire (1858) and his famous satirical Histoire du quarante et unieme fauteuil de l'academie francaise (1855); drama in his Comediennes (1857); poetry in his Symphonie des vingt ans (1867), Cent et un sonnets (1873), &c.; and novels, Les Filles d'Eve (1852) and many others. In 1849, through the influence of Rachel, he was entrusted with the administration of the Theatre Francais, a position he filled with unfailing tact and success until 1859, when he was made inspector-general of works of art. He died on the 26th of February 1896. souvenir; d'un demi-siecle appeared in 1885- His Confessions, 1891. See also J. Lemaitre, Arsene Houssaye (1897), with a bibliography. His son, HENRY HOUSSAYE (1848- ), the historian, was born in Paris. His early writings were devoted to classical antiquity, studied not only in books but on the actual Greek sites which he visited in 1868. He published successively Histoire d'Apelles (1867), a study on Greek art; L'Armee clans la Grece antique (1867); Histoire d'Alcibiade et de la republique athenienne depuis la mort de Pericles jusqu'd l'avenement des trente tvrans (1873); Papers on Le Nombre des citoyens d'Athenes au ViAe siecle avant Pere chretienne (1882); La Loi agraire a Sparte (1884) ; Le Premier Siege de Paris en 52 ay. J,-C. (1876); and two volumes of miscellanies, Athens, Rome, Paris, 1'histoire et lcs mceurs (1879), and Aspasie, Cleopatre, Theodora (6th ed. 1889). The military history of Napoleon I. then attracted him. His first volume on this subject, called 1814 (1888), went through no fewer than forty-six editions. It was followed by 1815, the first part of which comprises the first Restoration, the return from Elba and the Hundred Days (1893); the second part, Waterloo (1899); and the third part, the second abdication and the White Terror (1905). He was elected a member of the French Academy in 1895.
End of Article: ARSINE HOUSSAYE (1815-1896)

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