Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 829 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FREIHERR VON CHRISTOPH ERNST HOUWALD (1778–1845), German dramatist and author, was born at Straupitz in Lower Lusatia, a son of the president of the district court of justice, on the 28th of November 1778. He studied law at the university of Halle, and on completion of his academic studies returned home, married, and managed the family estates. In 1516 he afforded a home to his friend K. W. S. Contessa (1777–1825), himself a poet, who had met with serious reverses of fortune; Contessa lived with Houwald, assisting and stimulating him in his literary work, for eight years. In 1821 Houwald was unanimously elected syndic for Lower Lusatia, an office which placed him at the head of the administration of the province. He died at Neuhaus, near Lubben, on the 28th of January 1845. Houwald is remembered as the author of several so-called " Fate tragedies " (see GERMAN LITERATURE), of which the best known are Des Bild, Per Leuchtturm, Die Heimkehr, Fluch and Segen (all published in 1821). They have, however, small literary value, and Houwald is seen to better advantage in his narratives and books for juvenile readers, such as Romantische Akkorde (pub]. by W. Contessa, Berlin, 1817); Bitch. fur Kinder gebildeter Stande (1819–1824); and Jakob Thau, der Ilofnarr (1821). Houwald's collected works, Sdmtliche Werke, were published in five volumes (Leipzig, 1851; 2nd ed., 1858-1859). See J. Minor, Die Schicksalstragodie in ihren Haupteertretern (Frankfurt, 1883), and Das Schicksalsdrama in Ki rschner's Deutsche Nationalliteratur, vol. cli. (Stuttgart, 1884) ; O, Schmidtborn, C. E von Houwald als Drantatiker (1909).
HOUSTON, SAM, or SAMUEL (1793-1863)

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