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ANDREW ATKINSON HUMPHREYS (1810-1883)

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Originally appearing in Volume V13, Page 891 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ANDREW ATKINSON HUMPHREYS (1810-1883), American soldier and engineer, was born at Philadelphia on the 2nd of November 181o. He was the son of Samuel Humphreys (1778-1846), chief constructor U.S.N., and grandson of Joshua Humphreys (1751-1838), the designer of the " Constitution". and other famous frigates of the war of 1812, sometimes known as the " father of the American navy." Graduating from West Point in 1831, he served with the 2nd Artillery in the Florida war in 1835. He resigned soon afterwards and devoted himself to civil engineering. In 1838 he returned to the army for survey duties, and from 1842 to 1849 was assistant in charge of the Coast Survey Office. Later he did similar work in the valley of the in all of which his mastery Humpback Whale (Megaptera longimana or boops). allied species) is found in nearly all seas; and when full-grown may reach from 45 ft. to 50 ft. in length, the flippers which are indented along their edges measuring from io ft. to 12 ft. or more. The general colour is black, but there are often white markings on the under surface; and the flippers may be entirely white, or parti-coloured like the body. Deep longitudinal furrows, folds or plaits occur on the throat and chest. It is said that the popular name refers to a prominence on which the back fin is set; but this " hump " varies greatly in size in different individuals. The humpback is a coast-whale, irregular in its movements, sometimes found in " schools," at others singly. The whalebone is short, broad and coarse; but the yield of oil from a single whale has been as much as 75 barrels. A few examples of this whale have been taken in Scotland and the north of England (see CETACEA).
End of Article: ANDREW ATKINSON HUMPHREYS (1810-1883)
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HUMPHREY (or HUMFREY), LAWRENCE (1527?-1590)
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OZIAS HUMPHRY (1742-1810)

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