HURON , the second largest of the
See also:Great Lakes of
See also:America, including Georgian
See also:Bay and the channel north of Manitoulin
See also:Island, which are always associated with it . It lies between the
See also:parallels of 430 and 46° 20' N. and between the meridians of 8o° and 84° W., and is bounded W. by the state of Michigan, and N. and E. by the province of Ontario, Georgian Bay and North Channel being wholly within
See also:Canadian territory . The
See also:main portion of the lake is 235 M. long from the Strait of Mackinac to St Clair
See also:river, and q8 m. wide on the 45th parallel of latitude . Georgian Bay is 125 M. long, with a greatest width of 6o in., while North Channel is 120 M. long, with an extreme width of 16 m., the whole lake having an
See also:area of 23,200 sq. m . The
See also:surface is 581 ft. above the
See also:sea . The main lake reaches a
See also:depth of 802 ft.; Georgian bay shows depths, especially near its west
See also:shore, of over 300 ft.; North Channel has depths of 18o ft . Lake Huron is 20 ft.
See also:lower than Lake
See also:Superior, whose
See also:waters it receives at its
See also:northern extremity through St . Mary river, is on tiie same level as Lake Michigan, which connects with its north-west extremity through the Strait of Mackinac, and is nearly 9 ft. higher than Lake
See also:Erie, into which it discharges at its south extremity through St Clair river .
See also:pine and spruce or a scattered growth of small trees on a sandy
See also:soil . This shore is indented by
See also:Thunder bay, 78 sq. in. in area, and
See also:Saginaw bay, 50 M. deep and 26 m. wide across .its mouth . The chief tributaries of the lake on the U.S. side are Thunder bay river, Au
See also:Sable river and Saginaw river . On the Canadian side are Serpent river,
See also:Spanish river, French river, draining Lake
See also:Nipissing, Muskoka river, Severn river, draining lake
See also:Simcoe, and Nottawasaga river, all emptying into Georgian bay and North Channel, and Saugeen and
See also:rivers, flowing into the main lake .
These have been or are largely used in connexion with pine lumbering operations . They, with smaller streams, drain a
See also:basin of 75,300 sq. m . There is a slight current in Lake Huron skirting the west shore from inlet to outlet . At the south end it turns and passes up the east
See also:coast . There is also a return current south of Manitoulin Island and a current, sometimes' attaining a strength of
See also:half a knot, passes into Georgian bay through the main entrance . Ice and navigation conditions and yearly levels are similar to those on the other Great Lakes (q.v.) . Practically all the
See also:United States
See also:traffic is confined to vessels passing through the main lake between Lakes Superior and Michigan and Lake Erie, but on the Canadian side are several railway termini which receive
See also:grain mostly from Lake Superior, and deliver mixed
See also:freight to ports on that lake . The chief of these are
See also:Parry Sound, Midland,
See also:Harbour, Collingwood,
See also:Owen Sound, Southampton, Kincardine, Goderich and
See also:Sarnia, at the outlet of the lake . The construction of a
See also:ship canal to connect Georgian bay with
See also:Montreal by way of French river, Lake Nipissing and
See also:Ottawa river began in 1910 . A river and lake route with connecting canals, in all about 440 M. long, will be opened for vessels of 20 ft.
See also:draught at a cost estimated at £20,000,000 saving some 340
See also:miles in the distance from Lake Superior or Lake Michigan to the sea . There is a large fishing
See also:industry in Lake Huron, the Canadian catch being valued at over a quarter million dollars per annum . Salmon
See also:trout (Salvelinus namaycush, Walb.) and
See also:whitefish (Coregonus clupeiformis, Mitchill) are the most numerous and valuable .
Amongst the islands on the east shore of Georgian bay, which are greatly frequented as a summer resort,black
See also:bass (micropterus) and maskinonge (Esox
See also:nobilior, Le Sueur) are a great attraction to anglers . See Georgian Bay and North Channel
See also:Pilot, Department of Marine and
See also:Fisheries (Ottawa, 1903) ; Sailing Directions for Lake Huron, Canadian Shore, Department of Marine and Fisheries (Ottawa, 1905); Bulletin No . 17, Survey of Northern and North-Western Lakes, United States, War Department (
See also:Washington, 1907) ; U.S . Hydro-graphic
See also:Office Publication, No. zo8 C . Sailing Directions for Lake Huron, &c . U.S .
See also:Navy Department (Washington, 19o1) .
FREDERICK YEATES HURLSTONE (1800-1869)
HURON (a French term, from huge', bristled, early u...
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.