See also:governor of the province of Massachusetts, son of a wealthy
See also:merchant of Boston, Mass., was
See also:born there on the 9th of
See also:September 1711 . He graduated at Harvard in 1727, then became an apprentice in his
See also:father's counting-
See also:room, and for several years devoted himself to business . In 1737 he began his public career as a member of the Boston
See also:Board of Selectmen, and a few
See also:weeks later he was elected to the General
See also:Court of Massachusetts
See also:Bay, of which he was a member until 1740 and again from 1742 to 1749, serving as
See also:speaker in 1747, 1748 and 1749 . He consistently contended for a sound
See also:system, and vigorously opposed the operations of the "
See also:Bank " and the issue of pernicious bills of
See also:credit . In 1748 he carried through the General Court a
See also:bill providing for the cancellation and redemption of the outstanding paper currency .
See also:Hutchinson went to England in 1740 as the representative of Massachusetts in a boundary dispute with New Hampshire . He was a member of the Massachusetts Council from 1749 to 1756, was appointed
See also:judge of
See also:probate in 1752 and was chief
See also:justice of the
See also:superior court of the province from 1761 to 1769, was
See also:lieutenant-governor from 1758 to 1771, acting as governor in the latter two years, and from 1771 to 1774 was governor . In 1754 he was a delegate from Massachusetts to the Albany
See also:Convention,and, with
See also:Franklin, was a member of the
See also:committee appointed to draw up a plan of union . Though he recognized the legality of the
See also:Act of 1765, he considered the measure inexpedient and impolitic and urged its repeal, but his attitude was misunderstood; he was considered by many to have instigated the passage of the Act, and in
See also:August 1765 a
See also:mob sacked his Boston residence and destroyed many valuable
See also:manuscripts and documents . He was acting governor at the
See also:time of the " Boston
See also:Massacre " in 1770, and was virtually forced by the citizens of Boston, under the leadership of
See also:Adams, to
See also:order the removal of the
See also:British troops from the
See also:town . Throughout the pre-Revolutionary disturbances in Massachusetts he was the re-presentative of the British
See also:ministry, and though he disapproved of some of the ministerial
See also:measures he
See also:felt impelled to enforce them and necessarily incurred the hostility of the Whig or Patriot
See also:element . In 1774, upon the
See also:appointment of General
See also:Thomas Gage as military governor he went to England, and acted as an adviser to
See also:George III. and the British ministry on
See also:American affairs, uniformly counselling moderation .
He died at
See also:Brompton, now
See also:part of
See also:London, on the 3rd of
See also:June 1780 . He wrote A Brief Statement of the Claim of the Colonies (1764); a Collection of
See also:Original Papers relative to the
See also:History of Massachusetts Bay (1769), reprinted as The Hutchinson Papers by the
See also:Prince Society in 1865; and a judicious, accurate and very valuable History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (vol. i., 1764, vol. ii., 1767, and vol. iii., 1828) . His
See also:Diary and Letters, with an Account of his Ad-ministration, was published at Boston in 1884–1886 . See
See also:James K .
See also:Life of Thomas Hutchinson (Boston, 1896), and a
See also:chapter in
See also:John Fiske's Essays
See also:Historical and
See also:Literary (New
See also:York, 1902) . For an estimate of Hutchinson as an historian, see M . C . Tyler's Literary History of the American Revolution (New York, 1897) .
SIR JONATHAN HUTCHINSON (1828– )
PHILIPP VON HUTTEN (c. 1511—1546)
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